Zakatul-Fitr is due before Eid Prayer
Anas (ra), a companion of prophet Muhammad
(peace be upon him) reported that when the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
migrated from Makkah to Madinah, the people of Madinah used to have
two festivals. On those two days they had carnivals and festivity.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) asked the Ansaar (the Muslims of Madinah)
about it. They replied that before Islam they used to have carnivals
on those two joyous days. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) told them:
'Instead of those two days, Allah has appointed two other days which
are better, the days of Eid-al-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha.' (Hadith)
is celebrated on the first day of Shaw'waal, at the completion of
Ramadan. Shaw'waal is the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. The
Eid-al-Fitr is a very joyous day; it is a true Thanksgiving Day for
the believing men and women. On this day Muslims show their real joy
for the health, strength and the opportunities of life, which Allah
has given to them to fulfill their obligation of fasting and other
good deeds during the blessed month of Ramadan.
Sunnah of Eid
- Prepare for personal cleanliness,
take care of details of clothing, etc.
- Take a Ghusl (bath) after
- Brush your teeth.
- Dress up, putting on best clothes
available, whether new or cleaned old ones.
- Use perfume (men
- Have breakfast on Eid-al-Fitr before leaving for prayer
ground. On Eid-al-Adha, eat breakfast after Salaat or after
sacrifice if you are doing a sacrifice.
- Pay Zakaat-al-Fitr before
Salaat-al-Eid (on Eid-al-Fitr).
- Go to prayer ground early.
- Offer Salaat-al-Eid in congregation in an open place except when whether is not permitting like rain, snow, etc.
- Use two separate
route to and from the prayer ground.
- Recite the following Takbir
on the way to Salaat and until the beginning of Salaat-al-Eid:
Allaho-Akber. La ila-ha ill-lal-lah. Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber.
great, Allah is great. There is no
god but Allah. Allah is great, Allah is great. And all praises
are for Allah).
How to offer Eid
Ibn Abbass (ra)
reported: " I participated in the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer with the
Messenger of Allah (saw), Abu Bakr (ra), Umar (ra) and Uthman (ra),
and all of them held Eid prayer before Khutbah, and then the
Prophet Muhammad (saw) delivered the Khutbah
( Muslim )
Who should go to the prayer ground & offer Eid Prayer:
Umm Atiyah (ra) reported: "The Messenger of Allah (saw) commanded
us to bring out on Eid-al-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha, young women, hijab-observing
adult women and the menstruating women. The menstruating women
stayed out of actual Salaat but participated in good deeds and Duaa
(supplication). I (Umm Atiyah) said to the Holy Prophet (saw): Oh!
Messenger of Allah, one does not have an outer garment. He
replied: Let her sister cover her with her garment."
( Muslim )
On the Eid day, every believing man, woman and child must go to the
prayer ground and participate in this joyous occasion.
Structure of Eid prayer:
Eid prayer is wajib (strongly recommended, just
short of obligatory). It consists of two Rakaat (units) with six or
thirteen additional Takbirs. It must be offered in congregation. The
prayer is followed by the Khutbah.
The Khutbah is part of the
worship and listening to it is Sunnah. During the Khutbah, the Imam
must remind the community about its responsibilities and obligations
towards Allah, fellow Muslims and the fellow human beings. The Imam
must encourage the Muslims to do good and ward off evil. The Muslim
community must also be directed to the state of the community and
the Ummah at large and the feelings of sacrifice and Jihaad should
be aroused in the community. At the conclusion of the prayer the
Muslims should convey greetings to each other, give reasonable gifts
to the youngsters and visit each other at their homes. Muslims
should also take this opportunity to invite their non-Muslims
neighbors, co-workers, classmates and business acquaintances to Eid
festivities to expose them to Islam and Muslim culture.