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Channel RA 90 - Adhan and Salat (Prayers)
Prayer Times Calculator
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Prayer timings do not remain constant as they are
determined by looking at the sun. Consequently the time of a particular prayer would be
different in different parts of the World. Prayer Time Tables are easily available at the
mosques and Islamic Centers throughout the World. Now-a- days electronic devices like
'TBilal" or "Spectronic" are available in the market which can tell the
prayer times of nearly 1000 major cities of the World. They are particularly helpful to
the Muslims travelling to non-Muslim countries However, the following general timetable
for prayers can fairly be observed in almost any part of the World. There are five
obligatory prayers which are performed at five different times of the day.
(1) Salat-ul-Fajr. The morning Prayer
It is the first of the Five obligatory prayers of the day.lt can be
performed at any time between the breaking of the dawn till sunrise. It consists of two
raka's (two units as explained through the accompanying postures).
(2) Salat-ul-Zuhr. The noon prayer
It consiss of four raka's, (4 units); Its time begins
after the sun declines from its zenith until it is about midway from setting.
(3) Sa la t-ul -Asr. The afernoon Prayer
It consists of four raka's (4 units). Its time begins
soon after the time for Zuhr prayer ends and extends to just before sunset
(4) Salat-ul-Maghrib. The evening prayer
It consists of three raka's (3 units). Its time
begins just after sunset and extends to a period of an hour and a half.
(5) Salat-ul-lsha. The night prayer.
It consists of four raka's (4 units) and its time
begins about an hour and a half after sunset and extends to dawn.
Of the 5 obligatory prayers mentioned above, one of them contains
two raka's, three contain four raka's and one containing three raka's Each kind has been
explained separately. All the prayers (to be recited in Arabic) and the postures in which
to recite each prayer have been explained with the help of the given figures. The figures
have been drawn in the order in which each posture is assumed and the particular prayer
recited. In order to memorize the prayer for each posture the reader only needs to look at
the number of the figure and listen to the tape while looking at the transcript which
gives the Arabic prayer in Roman letters.