Bi ismillahir rahman raheem
Importance of Praising the Prophet
By Ismail Ebrahim
It is among the prescriptions of
the Shari'ah (Islamic Law) to recite Salutations and Blessings upon
Allah's Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam) as is evident in the
following Qur’anic verse : "Undoubtedly, Allah and His Angels send
blessings on the Prophet (the Communicator of Unseen News), O you who believe !
Send upon him blessings and salute him fully well in abundance" (Surah
al-Ahzab, Verse 56).
Allah Almighty in the Holy Qur’an
has enjoined the performance of many things by us such as Salaat, Fasting, Hajj
etc. and has praised His Prophets and described their good qualities. He
created Sayyidina Adam (`alayhis salaam) and directed the Angels to make
sajda (prostration) to him. However, he does not say in any of His
directions, "I (Allah) am doing it, therefore you should do
This honor was exclusively conferred upon our Beloved Prophet
Sayyidina Muhammad (s). Here, in the above verse, Allah Almighty at the very
outset attributed salawat (recital of blessings) on our Beloved Prophet
Sayyidina Muhammad (s), first to Himself (Sunnat iIaahi), then to His
Angels (Sunnat il-Malaa'ika), and after this enjoined on the Muslims (Sunnat
il-Mu'mineen) to do the same, by saying, "Undoubtedly, Allah and
His Angels send blessings on the Prophet (the Communicator of Unseen News), O
you who believe ! Send upon him blessings and salute him fully well in
It is stated in the commentary of
the Qur’an, Tafseer Ruh al-Bayaan, "Some Ulema are of the
opinion that the meaning of Allah's blessing is, to raise Sayyidina Muhammad
Mustafa (s) to al-maqaam il-mahmood (Glorious Station), the place from
where he will intercede with Allah Almighty on behalf of his Ummat; the Angels'
blessing means their prayer for enhancing the position of Sayyidina Muhammad
Mustafa (s) and beseeching forgiveness for his followers. Blessings on the path
of the believers means to obey, love and eulogize him."
There cannot be a greater honor for the Believers than
this, who have been favored with a share in this Divine Action by Allah
Almighty and His Angels.
al-Bayaan further states that the honor and reverence shown to
Sayyidina Muhammad (s) is of a much greater degree than shown to Sayyidina Adam
(as) to whom only angels were made to bow down (in honor). For in honoring
Sayyidina Muhammad Mustafa (s) Allah Almighty has also attributed it to
Himself, whereas in the case of Sayyidina Adam (as) Allah Almighty asked only
the Angels to show honor.
Having established and expounded on
the injunction of the Holy Qur’an we quote a few ahadith of the Holy Prophet
(s) pertaining to salawat and salaam.
Imam Tibraani (rahmat ullah `alayh) has recorded this
Hadith narrated by Sayyidina Abu Darda (r):
The Holy Prophet (s) said : "Increase your recitation of salawat on
me on Friday because on this day Angels present themselves to me. There is no
servant of Allah who recites salawat upon me, except that his voice
reaches me from wherever he is". The Companions asked even after your
departure ? "He replied, Yes after my departure too, because Allah has
made it Haraam upon the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets".1
“On Fridays recite the Salawat for me repeatedly !
The Salawat will be conveyed to me."2 When it was asked whether it
would be conveyed to him after his wisaal also, the Prophet (s)
answered, "Soil does not rot Prophets' bodies. Whenever a Muslim says the Salawat
for me, an Angel informs me of it and says, 'So-and-so's son, so-and-so of your
Ummah sent his Salaam and prayed for you.'"
Sahl ibn Sa`d (r)narrates: Allah's Messenger (sallallahu
'alaihi wasalam) came out and met Abu Talha. The latter rose and went to him
saying: "My father and mother be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah!
I see joy and delight in your countenance?" The Prophet (s) said:
"Yes, for Gabriel has just come to me saying: O Muhammad, whoever among
your Community invokes blessings upon you once, Allah records for Him ten good
deeds, erases from his account ten evil deeds, and raises him ten degrees because
"Invoke blessings upon me abundantly on Friday because
it is a day that is (particularly) witnessed and the Angels witness it
(abundantly). As soon as a person invokes blessings on me his invocation is
shown to me until he ends it." Abu al-Darda' (r)said: "Even after
(your) death?" The Prophet (s) replied: "Verily, Allah has forbidden
the earth to consume the bodies of Prophets.”4
Some made the initial addition of the following: "The
best of your days is Friday, for in it Adam was created, and in it his soul was
taken back, and in it is the blowing of the Horn, and in it is the universal
Seizure, therefore invoke blessings upon me abundantly on Friday…”5
The Holy Prophet (s) says in a Hadith, "Definitely
there are many Angels of Allah that sojourn the earth and bring the Salaam of
my Ummat to me".6
Sayyidina 'Abd ar-Rahman bin 'Auf (r) says that one day the
Holy Prophet (s) came and entered a date garden. There he performed a very long
prostration. Sayyidina 'Abd ar-Rahman (r) feared that Allah had sent death to
him. He drew close to him and began to look at him. The Holy Prophet (s) raised
his holy head from the prostration and asked what had happened to him, then he
disclosed his fear to him. At this, the Holy Prophet (s) said Sayyidina
Jibra'il ('alaihis salaam) asked whether he should not give him glad tidings
that Allah said that He would send blessings to the person who recited the Holy
Qur'an on him and peace and security to the person who bade Salutations to
http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/Praising_Prophet.htm#_ftnref1" title=" -
1 Jila-ul Ifhaam, by
http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/Praising_Prophet.htm#_ftnref2" title=" -
2 Ibn Habbaan, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood.
http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/Praising_Prophet.htm#_ftnref3" title=" -
3 al-Sakhawi, al-Qawl al-badi` p. 107., al-Sakhawi
said: "Our shaykh (Ibn Hajar) graded it hasan without doubt."
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4 Related by Ibn Majah with a sound chain through Abu al-Darda'.
Also related with a sound chain from Aws ibn Aws al-Thaqafi by Ahmad, Ibn Abi
Shayba, Abu Dawud, al-Nasa`i, Ibn Majah, al-Darimi, Ibn Khuzayma, Ibn Hibban,
al-Hakim (sahih, confirmed by Dhahabi), Tabarani in his Kabir, and
Bayhaqi in many places.
http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/Praising_Prophet.htm#_ftnref5" title=" -
5 The first part concerning the order to invoke more Salat
on Friday and the disclosure of this invocation to the Prophet is related by
Bayhaqi in Shu`ab al-Iman through Abi Umama, Anas, and Abu Mas`ud
al-Ansari, and by al-Hakim in his Mustadrak from the latter. Shafi`i in
his Musnad relates the first part only ("Invoke blessings upon me
abundantly on Friday") mursal from Safwan ibn Salim.
http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/Praising_Prophet.htm#_ftnref6" title=" -
6 Narrated by Nisai and Ibn Habban.
http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/Praising_Prophet.htm#_ftnref7" title=" -
Rasul Allah (sallah llahu alaihi wa sallam) said: "Whoever knows himself, knows his Lord" and whoever knows his Lord has been given His gnosis and nearness.