Many Sunni sects believe that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has been granted permission by Allah to intercede on behalf of the Believers. Shi’ite, on the other hand, go a step further – they believe that in addition to the Prophet (pbuh), the twelve Imams have also the similar permission.
Contrary to that the Salafi and Wahhabi believe that even the Prophet (pbuh), may or may not be allowed by Allah to intercede on the Day of Judgment. Their belief is based on various Qur’anic verses (2:254, 10:3, 39:43 and 39:44), which say that Allah alone has the power to intercede.
However, the others say that Holy Qur’an (2:254, 10:3, 19:87, 20:109, 21:28, 34:23, 39:44 and 53:26), also mention that His creation can intercede, but by Allah’s permission.
Furthermore, Mishkat, Book 23, Ch. 12, says: Three classes will intercede on the Day of Judgement – the prophets, the righteous scholars, and the martyrs.
There is another Hadith (shar-i-mundyif), which claims that the Prophet (pbuh) said: I will intercede for those who shall have committed great sins, except Shirk.
Yet, there is another Hadith, which quote the Prophet’s (pbuh) warning to his youngest daughter, Hazrat Fatima al-Zahera (as) that she should never think that she will enter paradise, just because she is his daughter – it is her good deeds, which would save her from the Hell-fire. On the other hand, we are also reminded the special position the Prophet (pbuh) has among Allah’s all creations – all prophets, from Adam (as) to Jesus (as) had prayed to be among the followers of ‘the final prophet’, but only the prayer of Jesus (as) was accepted – he will return as a Muslim.
Personally, i feel that the beloved Prophet (pbuh) has the permission to intercede – through plea – which he did on several occasions even during his life-time, for example, he made a plea for the victory of Christian Rome over Pagan Persian empire, who had routed the Romans a few years ago. The plea was accepted (as mentioned in Holy Qur’an) by Allah, and the Romans became victorious.
What you think?
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