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Ayesha RAA

Printed From: IslamiCity.com
Category: Culture & Community
Forum Name: Islamic Personalties
Forum Discription: Shahabah, Scholars, Leaders
URL: http://www.IslamiCity.com/forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=278
Printed Date: 23 April 2014 at 7:52am


Topic: Ayesha RAA
Posted By: Nausheen
Subject: Ayesha RAA
Date Posted: 27 March 2005 at 9:44pm
Taken from:Aishah...The Mother of the Faithful
by Dr. Ahmad Shafaat

'Ayesha was not only the wife of the greatest man in human history, the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his family), and the daughter of one the greatest Muslims of all times, the First Caliph Abu Bakr, but also a towering Islamic personality in her own right.

A GREAT TEACHER

'Ayesha appears in Islamic history as a great teacher and respected leader. She was an important and sometimes indispensable source of knowledge about the life and teachings of the Prophet. Even senior disciples of the Prophet such as 'Umar frequently asked her about matters of faith in which they were doubtful and often found answers from her. Among the successors of the disciples (tabi'in) great scholars of Prophetic Traditions (Hadith) and Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh) learned the teachings of Islam from her and then spread them in the rapidly expanding lands of Islam. A part of what they learned from 'Ayesha has come down to us in the form of numerous traditions that are narrated on her authority.

The position that 'Ayesha came to occupy as a teacher in early Islam was in no small measure due to her intellectual abilities. Even as a child, 'Ayesha showed exceptional intelligence, which was one of the things, in addition to her beauty, that attracted the Prophet to her. She was about six years of age when the Prophet saw her in her father's house playing with some toys, including a toy-horse with wings. The Prophet asked her, 'Ayesha! Do horses ever have wings? Instead of feeling shy in the presence of this great man, 'Ayesha confidently replied, yes, King Solomon's horse did.

'Ayesha also had a very strong memory. It is reported that she could recite poems of up to 100 verses at a stretch.

The teachings of Islam that 'Ayesha learnt from the Prophet with her strong memory and keen intelligence were delivered to her students with great eloquence. Tirmidhi reports Musa ibn talha as saying that he did not find anyone more eloquent than 'Ayesha.

SAINTLY CHARACTER

Like other great Muslims of the time, 'Ayesha did not simply teach and preach Islam but lived it. She led a truly Muslim life of prayer, charity and struggle for truth and justice. The Prophet once gave her the following advice:

" 'Ayesha, if you want to meet me (again, in the life to come), then treat this world like a traveler's meal and do not attend the gatherings of the rich and the powerful and do not consider clothes old as long as they can be mended." (Ibn Sa'ad)

'Ayesha always acted according to this saintly advice of her loving and noble husband. She kept wealth away from her like one would keep dust from one's person. When in the Caliphate of 'Umar ibn al-khattab and afterwards, wealth began to pour into the hands of the Muslims, a due share of it inevitably came to 'Ayesha but she gave away almost all she received. Once 'Abd Allah bin Zubayr sent her 100,000 dirhams, but by the end of the same day she had given it all away to the people. Ibn Sa'ad reports 'Urwa as saying that on one occasion he "saw 'Ayesha distribute 70,000 dirhams among the people and then get up shaking the front of her dress as if she were clearing it of dust." 'Ayesha also often kept nafl (supererogatory) fast.



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Wanu nazzilu minal Qurani ma huwa
Shafaa un wa rahmatun lil mo'mineena
wa la yaziduzzalimeena illa khasara.



Replies:
Posted By: Nausheen
Date Posted: 27 March 2005 at 9:46pm
The Debt of Gratitude Our Women Owe to Ayesha r.a

The greatest favour that Ayesha has done to women is to demonstrate that a Muslim lady, living in Purdah, can actively participate in literacy, religious, social and political activities and by exhortation, counsel and guidance can work for the betterment of the community.

Her life is a living example of the status conferred by Islam on women and how it raised them from indignity and inferiority. Among the Companions were men who could be justifiably designated Messiah of Islam or Haroon of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam 's era and by the same token Ayesha could be designated as the Maryam of Islam.

The women-folk of the companions used to reach the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam through Ayesha and she would put in a word for them. Uthman bin Maz'aun used to live like an ascetic. His wife approached Ayesha and informed her that her husband kept fast every day and spent the whole night in prayers. Ayesha mentioned it to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who called on Uthman and said to him, "Islam does not advocate monasticism. Could you not follow my pattern? I fear God much greater than you do and take care to fulfil His commands yet I fulfil the duty I owe to may wives." [1]

Hala used to spend whole nights in prayers. Ayesha mentioned this to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when she came to meet her. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam advised her, "Do only as much as you can bear to do." [2]

A woman was punished for theft. She became penitent but even so women did not like to meet her, Ayesha would visit her and would even convey her requests to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam .

Ayesha used to get angry if any one considered women as low and inferior. In deciding juristic points concerning women, she used to keep their convenience in view and would cite the Qur'an and Hadith to support her opinion. Her views are followed in most of the Islamic countries. Ibn Zubair held the view that women should cut their hair upto four fingers breadth as a concluding rite of Hajj but Ayesha pronounced that it would be quite adequate for them- to cut off a bit from any side.

Before Islam, women had no right in inheritance. Islam gave this right to them. Many of the details are mentioned in the Qur'an but occasions to arise when inferences have to be drawn from the Qur'an and Hadith. One such situation is the state where no son of the deceased is alive and only daughters, grand sons and grand daughters are living. Abdullah bin Mas'ud held that in such a case the grand daughters would have no share but Ayesha held otherwise.

If a man has declared divorce once or twice, he has to bear the expenditure of his wife during the waiting period but if he had declared it three times, opinions differ as regards the responsibility to maintain the divorcee during the stipulated period that intervenes before re-marriage. Some thought that the only reason for her staying in her husband's house was the possibility that they may reconcile their differences and again enter into wed-lock, but this applied to cases where upto two declarations have been made. After the third declaration, the divorce is complete and they cannot remarry without an intervening marriage with another person. The main reason seems to be that it has to be ascertained, if the divorcee is pregnant, the responsibility to maintain the woman rests with the former husband. If anybody forces a person to divorce his wife on pain of imprisonment or death, according to Ayesha, the divorce is not valid. Except for Abu Hanifa, all other leading doctors of law have accepted her view. But for this, it would have been difficult for respectable women to escape the greed and tyranny of unscrupulous rulers.

In the days of ignorance, neither the number of divorces nor the period for return to wedlock were regulated. It was not unusual for men to divorce their wives and take them back before the end of the period of return and to do it repeatedly for some ulterior gain. Such a case came up before Ayesha and she referred it to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam whereupon the revelation came, "A return to each other is permissible up to two declarations of divorce; thereafter an honourable retention or a graceful parting." (Q. 2:229).

1. Ahmad: Musnad, Vol. VI, p.226.
2. Ahmad: Musnad, Vol. VI, p. 264.

Source: Domain of Islam



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Wanu nazzilu minal Qurani ma huwa
Shafaa un wa rahmatun lil mo'mineena
wa la yaziduzzalimeena illa khasara.


Posted By: M_Hafez
Date Posted: 28 March 2005 at 10:27pm

salamualykom

it was great and wonderfull topic akhi

jazaka allahu khyraa



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I Love Khaled Ebn Al Waleed
     ( Sword Of Allah)


Posted By: Nausheen
Date Posted: 29 March 2005 at 4:49pm

Auzubillahi minash shaitan ir rajeem,

Bismillah ir rahman ir rahim,

Assalamualaikum wa rahmatullah

Originally posted by M_Hafez

it was great and wonderfull topic akhi

I am your Ukhti

Alhamdulillah you enjoyed the posts



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Wanu nazzilu minal Qurani ma huwa
Shafaa un wa rahmatun lil mo'mineena
wa la yaziduzzalimeena illa khasara.


Posted By: Fuhad
Date Posted: 07 April 2005 at 10:47am

Salams

It great to hear the Sunni version of Ayesha r.a. However having read some Shia sources it appears, Shia sites sources to support their argument for dislike and certain things lacking in her, however on the other side Sunni's tend to project one side of her, again using their traditional sources.

The question is, how can someone understand the true picture of Ayesha r.a by evaluating both the Shia and Sunni accounts of her life and investigating the differences between the two versions ( Shia and Sunni) of Islam

Regards

Fuhad

 



Posted By: Nausheen
Date Posted: 08 April 2005 at 4:02am

Auzubillahi minash shaitan ir rajeem,

Bismillah ir rahman ir rahim,

Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah

 

Originally posted by Fuhad

Salams

It great to hear the Sunni version of Ayesha r.a. However having read some Shia sources it appears, Shia sites sources to support their argument for dislike and certain things lacking in her, however on the other side Sunni's tend to project one side of her, again using their traditional sources.

The question is, how can someone understand the true picture of Ayesha r.a by evaluating both the Shia and Sunni accounts of her life and investigating the differences between the two versions ( Shia and Sunni) of Islam

Regards

Fuhad

In my humble opinion, the portrait of shia which some of the sunnis have sketched is very misguiding and misinterpreting.

I came to know many shia to the level of friendship. This helped me discover that not all what the sunnis have attributed to them is  correct.

If u would really search and do a comparitive study, on the authentic literature from both groups, there will be more similarities and less differences, insha allah.

One should also keep the focus always in front, which is the good pleasure of Allah in all of one's actions. That entails persuing of matters beneficial for one's deen, while leaving all others which may be nothing more than quenching of idle curiosity.

Maa salaama.



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Wanu nazzilu minal Qurani ma huwa
Shafaa un wa rahmatun lil mo'mineena
wa la yaziduzzalimeena illa khasara.


Posted By: Varusai
Date Posted: 12 May 2005 at 4:38am

Ayesha R.A

Got married after 13 years



Posted By: Ayubi1187
Date Posted: 17 June 2005 at 2:36pm
Originally posted by Fuhad

Salams


It great to hear the Sunni version of Ayesha r.a. However having read some Shia sources it appears, Shia sites sources to support their argument for dislike and certain things lacking in her,


Dislike? its pure hatred. Their is nothing in shiism that is credible at all, they lack any credible history of their own thats why they use weak and fabricated hadith from our books.



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