In our modern age, a new type of Quranic interpretation has become popular, known by the term "Scientific Interpretation of the Quran."
What is meant by this term is the kind of interpretation which benefits from "modern cosmic sciences", and uses its facts and theories to highlight the objectives of the Quran, and explain its true meanings.
"Cosmic Sciences" include natural sciences, earth sciences (geology), chemistry, life sciences (biology) of plants and animals, medicine, and anatomy, and physiology, mathematical science, and all similar and related sciences.
"Cosmic Sciences" may also include some human and social sciences such as psychology, sociology, economics, geography and others.
Those who pursue this type of interpretation and are its passionate advocates are often cosmologists and natural scientists, not the scholars of religion or Shariah (Islamic law).
As for the scholars of religion and Shariah, they differ among themselves on the permissibility of this type of interpretation, especially how lawful it is.
http://www.onislam.net/english/health-and-science/faith-and-the-sciences/461707-qaradawi-on-scientific-interpretation-of-quran-1.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/health-and-science/faith-and-the-sciences/461707-qaradawi-on-scientific-interpretation-of-quran-1.html