in the suhah it is narrated from the beloved prohet muhammad:
whomsever i am his master, then this ali is also his master.
Ali Ibn Abi-Talib:
The responsibility for what I say is guaranteed and I am
answerable for it. He to whom experiences have clearly shown the past
exemplary punishments (given by Allah to peoples) is prevented by piety
from falling into doubts. You should know that the same troubles have
returned to you which existed when the Prophet was first sent.
Allah who sent the Prophet with faith and truth you will be severely
subverted, bitterly shaken as in sieving and fully mixed as by spooning
in a cooking pot till your low persons become high and high ones become
low, those who were behind would attain forward positions and those who
were forward would become backward. By Allah, I have not concealed a
single word or spoken any lie and I had been informed of this event and
of this time.
that sins are like unruly horses on whom their riders have been placed
and their reins have been let loose so that they would jump with them
in Hell. Beware that piety is like trained horses on whom the riders
have been placed with the reins in their hands, so that they would take
the riders to Heaven. There is right and wrong and there are followers
for each. If wrong dominates, it has (always) in the past been so, and
if truth goes down that too has often occurred. It seldom happens that
a thing that lags behind comes forward.
ash-Sharif ar-Radi says:
In this small speech there is more beauty than can be appreciated, and
the quantity of amazement aroused by it is more than the appreciation
accorded to it. Despite what we have stated it has so many aspects of
eloquence that cannot be expressed nor can anyone reach its depth, and
no one can understand what I am saying unless one has attained this art
and known its details.
. . . No one appreciates it except those who know (Qur'an, 29:43)
From the same Sermon
who has heaven and hell in his view has no other aim. He who attempts
and acts quickly, succeeds, while the seeker who is slow may also
entertain hope, and he who falls short of action faces destruction in
Hell. On right and left there are misleading paths. Only the middle way
is the (right) path which is the Everlasting Book and the traditions of
the Prophet. From it the sunnah has spread out and towards it is the eventual return.
He who claims (otherwise) is ruined and he who concocts falsehood is disappointed. He who opposes http://www.al-islam.org/nahj/16.htm#r1" name="n1 -  right with his face gets destruction. It
is enough ignorance for a man not to know himself. He who is strong rooted http://www.al-islam.org/nahj/16.htm#r2" name="n2 - 
in piety does not get destruction, and the plantation of a people based
on piety never remains without water. Hide yourselves in your houses
and reform yourselves. Repentance is at your back. One should praise
only Allah and condemn only his own self.
Footnotes by translator:
http://www.al-islam.org/nahj/16.htm#n1" name="r1 -  .In some versions after the words "man abda safhatahu lilhaqqi halaka" the words "`inda jahalati'n-nas"
also occur. In that case the meaning of this sentence would be that he
who stands in face of right dies in the estimation of the ignorant.
http://www.al-islam.org/nahj/16.htm#n2" name="r2 -  .Piety
is the name of heart and mind being affected and impressed by the
Divine Greatness and Glory, as an effect of which the spirit of man
becomes full of fear of Allah, and its inevitable result is that
engrossment in worship and prayer increases. It is impossible that
heart may be full of Divine fear and there be no manifestation of it in
actions and deeds. And since worship and submission reform the heart
and nurture the spirit, purity of heart increases with the increase of
worship. That is why in the Qur'an "taqwa"
(piety) has been applied sometimes to fear, sometimes to worship and
devotion and sometimes to purity of heart and spirit. Thus in the verse
"wa iyyaya fattaqun" (and Me you fear [16:2]) taqwa implies fear, in the verse, "ittaqu'l-laha haqqa tuqatihi" (worship Allah as He ought to be worshipped [3:102]), taqwa implies worship and devotion and in the verse "wa yakhsha'l-laha wa yattaqhi faulaika humu'l-faizun" (24:52) taqwa implies purity of spirit and cleanliness of heart.
In the traditions taqwa
has been assigned three degrees. The first degree is that a man should
follow the injunctions and keep aloof from prohibitions. The second
degree is that recommended matters should also be followed and disliked
things should be avoided. The third degree is that for fear of falling
into doubts one may abstain from the permissible as well. The first
degree is for the common men, the second for the nobles and the third
for high dignitaries. Allah has referred to these three degrees in the
On those who believe and do good, is no blame for what they ate, (before) when they did guard themselves and did believe, and did good, still (furthermore) they guard themselves and do good; and Allah loveth the doers of good. (Qur'an, 5:93)
al-mu'minin says that only action based on piety is lasting, and only
that action will blossom and bear fruit which is watered by piety
because worship is only that wherein the feeling of submission exists.
Thus, Allah says:
Is he therefore better who hath laid his foundation on fear of Allah and (His) goodwill
or he who layeth his foundation on the brink of a crumbling hollowed
bank so it crumbled down with him into the fire of Hell... (Qur'an, 9:109)
every such belief as is not based on knowledge and conviction is like
the edifice, erected without foundation, wherein there is no stability
or firmness while every action that is without piety is like the
plantation which withers for lack of watering.
http://www.insight-info.com - FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK HERE