Active TopicsActive Topics  Display List of Forum MembersMemberlist  CalendarCalendar  Search The ForumSearch  HelpHelp
  RegisterRegister  LoginLogin  Old ForumOld Forum  Twitter  Facebook
Advertisement:
         

Arabic Language
 IslamiCity Forum - Islamic Discussion Forum : Culture & Community : Arabic Language
Message Icon Topic: Qur’anic Arabic Post Reply Post New Topic
<< Prev Page  of 4 Next >>
Author Message
fatima
 
Moderator Group
Moderator Group
Avatar

Joined: 04 August 2005
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 979
Quote fatima Replybullet Posted: 11 April 2007 at 6:19am

Bismillah irrahman irrahim

Assalamu alaykum

The construct phrase (aliđāfatu)

 

Rule No. 30

 

Iđāfah consists of two nouns of any gender which are combined together in a phrase indicating their close relationship and generally imparting the meaning of possession.  The first noun of the construct phrase (muđāf) provides the meaning of ‘being possessed’ and the second noun (muđāf ilayh) denotes the ‘possessor’.

 

(A)           The second noun ‘the possessor’:

·        Always remains in genitive case.

·        It can remain either definite or indefinite.

·        It can be a pronoun suffix.

 

(B)           The first noun ‘being possessed’:

·        Always appears as indefinite with a ĥarakah, short vowel.

·        Depending on its case it can remain in nominative, accusative or genitive form.

·        It agrees in meaning in both cases of definiteness and indefiniteness of the second noun.

 

(1)           ﺍﷲ ﻜﺘﺎﺐ (Kitābullahi) The Book of Allah. / Allah’s Book

Both nouns ﻜﺘﺎﺐKitābu and ﺍﷲ Allahi are closely related with each other and this construction forms a phrase. The first noun ﻜﺘﺎﺐ is written and pronounced as indefinite with a đammah ُ ĥarakah because it is in the nominative case but it gives the definite meaning for its close relationship with the second noun of the phras ﺍﷲ. The second noun is definite and it is in the genitive case (carrying kasrahِ).

ﺍﷲ ﻜﺘﺎﺐ ﺍﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ (AlQur’ānu Kitābullahi) The Qur’ān is the book of Allah. ﺍﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ is subject and is ﺍﷲ ﻜﺘﺎﺐ predicate.

ﺒﻠﺪ ﻋﺎﻠﻢ (‘Ālimu baladin) A scholar of a town, the second noun is indefinite. It is in the genitive case carrying kasrah tanwīn. Because of this the first noun is also indefinite, it is an active participle and is in the nominative case.

ﻛﺘﺎﺒﻪ (Kitābuhu) His book, Kitābu is the first noun and Hu the pronoun suffix stands for the second noun and is free from any genitive effect. In construct phrase pronoun suffix becomes possessive pronoun.

 

ﺍﷲ ﺒﺎﺴﻢ ﻛﺘﺒﺕ (katabtu Bismillahi) I wrote in the name of Allah. Here ﻛﺘﺒﺕ katabtu is the subject and ﺍﷲ ﺒﺎﺴﻢ Bismillahi (in the name of Allah) is the predicate. This predicate is comprised of a construct phrase ﺍﷲ ﺎﺴﻢ (the name of Allah), which is preceded by a preposition Bi (in / with). The second noun of the construct phrase ﺍﷲ is definite and it is in the genitive case (carrying kasrah). The first noun Ismu gives definite meaning, and is in the genitive case (carrying kasrah) because it is preceded by a preposition Bi (in / with).

 

Rule No. 31

 

If the first noun of a construct phrase is preceded by an interjection / vocative particle ﻴﺎ Yā then its case will be changed into the accusative (carrying a ĥarakah faĥah). The second noun always remains in the genitive case.

 

Example Analysis:

؟ ﺤﺎﻠﻚ ﻛﻴﻒ  ﺍﷲ!  ﻋﺒﺪ ﻴﺎ (Yā ‘AbdAllah! Kayfa ĥāluka?) O! servant of Allah how are you? ﺍﷲ  ﻋﺒﺪ ‘AbdAllah is a construct phrase and the first noun ‘Abda is preceded by yā, a vocative, therefore it carries fatĥah. It is therefore in the accusative and carries fatĥah.

 

Rule No. 32

 

A few nouns in Arabic including ﺃﺐ Abun, ﺃﺥ Akhun on phonological grounds receive special treatment when any possessive pronoun is attached to them.

  • In the nominative case Wāw, is added between the noun and the possessive pronoun.
  • In the genitive case Ya, is added between the noun and the pronoun suffix.
  • In the accusative case Alif, is added between the noun and the possessive pronoun.

 

Example Analysis:

ﺃﺧﻭﻩ ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺃﺒﻭﻩ ﻫﺫﺍ (Hāza Abuhu wa Hāza Akhuhu) This is his father and this is his brother. ﺃﺐ Abun, ﺃﺥ Akhun are in nominative case, therefore Wāw is added between them and the pronoun suffix Hu.

ﻷﺨﻳﻪ ﺍﻠﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﻷﺑﻳﻪ ﺍﻠﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ (Hāzal kitābu liabihi wahāzal kitābu liakhihi) This book is for his father and this book is for his brother. In this sentence ﺃﺐ Abun, ﺃﺥ Akhun is preceded by the preposition Li (for), therefore they are in the genitive case. Ya is added between them and the possessive pronoun Hi.

 

ﻤﻊ M’ā (with, together with / and ﻋﻨﺪ ‘inda at, with) are prepositions which change the nouns into the genitive case.

ﺍﻠﻮﻠﺪ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻠﻛﺗﺎﺏ ﻨﻠﻚ  (Dhalikal kitābu ‘indal waladi) That book is with the boy. The noun ﺍﻠﻮﻠﺪ alwaladu is preceded by the preposition ﻋﻨﺪ ‘inda at, with, therefore it is in the genitive case and carries a kasrah.

 

Wassalam

Say: (O Muhammad) If you love Allah, then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your faults, and Allah is Forgiving, MercifuL
IP IP Logged
Serik
 
Starter
Starter
Avatar

Joined: 24 December 2006
Location: Kazakhstan
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 4
Quote Serik Replybullet Posted: 23 July 2007 at 7:14am

Assolayam ualeikum ua rahmatullahi!

Bros and sis,I have a strong desire to learn reading quran,starting from alphabet,can you advice some softwares for it?

 

Jezaku Allahu Hayran

Aghuzubillahi min ash shaitani rodjim
IP IP Logged
minuteman
 
Senior Member
Senior  Member


Joined: 25 March 2007
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 1642
Quote minuteman Replybullet Posted: 22 November 2007 at 9:16am

 

 I have checked the lessons from Fatima. They are excellent. I wish there was some easy way of speaking arabic language, the colloquel way. Is there an easy way to learn to speak Arabic as in daily use, common language??? Thanks.

If any one is bad some one must suffer
IP IP Logged
Guests
 
Guest Group
Guest Group

Quote Guests Replybullet Posted: 30 December 2007 at 10:15am

http://burriburr.files.wordpress.com/2007/04/4677982_8b912e5 1a1.jpg">

IP IP Logged
Skr_of_knwldg
 
Starter
Starter
Avatar

Joined: 25 July 2008
Location: Malaysia
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 18
Quote Skr_of_knwldg Replybullet Posted: 28 July 2008 at 9:24pm
Assalmau alaikum,

May Allah Reward you Sister!!!

I hope you dont mind, I have copied all the recent post into a Word file to check for it frequently inshaAllah.

Thanks again,

Jazak Allahu Khayran,
Masalama

IP IP Logged
BluePinkBlue
 
Starter
Starter
Avatar

Joined: 12 February 2009
Location: United States
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 1
Quote BluePinkBlue Replybullet Posted: 12 February 2009 at 5:41pm
Thankyou Hanan your words are good.


           BluePinkBlue
IP IP Logged
Caringheart
 
Senior Member
Senior  Member
Avatar

Joined: 02 March 2012
Online Status: Online
Posts: 2088
Quote Caringheart Replybullet Posted: 07 September 2012 at 4:55pm
Greetings,
I am not wanting, or trying, to hijack this thread, but if there is an Arabic scholar here, I am hoping you can direct me to a good english translation of the Qur'an.  I do not want any slanted translation... no pro-Islamic, nor anti-Islamic, but one with good literal translation.
You can private message me an answer if you can help so I do not interfere with the thread.
Much appreciation and thanks if you can help.  Smile
IP IP Logged
alfirdousacadmy
 
Starter.
Starter.


Joined: 19 January 2013
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 1
Quote alfirdousacadmy Replybullet Posted: 19 January 2013 at 11:20pm
slamo alykom


mashallah very good
IP IP Logged
<< Prev Page  of 4 Next >>
Post Reply Post New Topic
Printable version Printable version

Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot create polls in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum

Disclaimer:
The opinions expressed herein contain positions and viewpoints that are not necessarily those of IslamiCity. This forum is offered to stimulate dialogue and discussion in our continuing mission of being an educational organization.
If there is any issue with any of the postings please email to icforum at islamicity.com or if you are a forum's member you can use the report button.

Note: The 99 names of Allah avatars are courtesy of www.arthafez.com

Advertisement:



Sponsored by:
Islamicity Membership Program:
IslamiCity Donation Program  http://www.islamicity.com/Donate
IslamiCity Arabic eLearning http://www.islamiCity.com/ArabAcademy
Complete Domain & Hosting Solutions www.icDomain.com
Home for Muslim Tunes www.icTunes.com
Islamic Video Collections www.islamiTV.com
IslamiCity Marriage Site www.icMarriage.com