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fatima
 
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Quote fatima Replybullet Topic: Qur’anic Arabic
    Posted: 20 December 2006 at 7:14am

Bismillah irrahman irrahim

Assalamu alaikum

In this thread inshaAllah i am going to go through a course which alhamdulillah enables you to understand Holy Quran. This is a sixteen weeks course but i am going to put bit by bit every week inshaAllah so might take bit longer. It compirses of the most common words used in the Holy Quran and basic grammatical themes.

 

Unit 1

 

Kitābun             (M1)      Book                                                      

Zahratun          (F1)       Flower

Qalamun          (M1)      Pen

‘Aynun               (F1)       Eye

Kursiyyun       (M1)      Chair

Samāun              (F1)       Sky

BāBun                (M1)      Door

Ghurfatun        (F1)      Room

Khubzun          (M1)      Bread

Shamsun          (F1)       Sun

Rajulun              (M1)      Man

Imraātun         (F1)       Woman

Waladun          (M1)      Boy

Bintun                (F1)       Girl

طŦariiqun      (M1 + F1) Road

Kā’sun             (F1)       Glass

Wa                                   And

 Māidatun        (F1)           Table

Abun                  (M1)            Father

Ummun              (F1)             Mother

Mālun                 (M1)           Wealth

Yadun                 (F1)             Hand

Huwa                   (III M1)      He

Hiya                     (III F1)       She

Ānta                    (II M1)       You

Ānti                     (II F1)        You

Ānā                     (M1 + F1)     I

Hazā                    (M1)           This

Hazihi                 (F1)             This

Mann                   (M1 + F1)     Who

Āa / Hall                  Is?

                            No

Na‘am                     Yes

                           What

 M  Masculine, F  Feminine,  1 Singular                               

III  Third Person,   II   Second Person

 Ā    Alif,   ط  Ŧ,   ‘A   Ayn

                                                   

 

GRAMMATICAL THEMES

Nouns: Indefinite and Genders

Rule No. 1

With some exceptions generally, the final consonant of a noun, if it is indefinite carries a tanwin, nunation

i.e.        Kitābun             (M1)    A  Book

In this word Ba is the final consonant of a noun Kitāb and as it carries a tanwin of un, therefore it is indefinite.

Rule No. 2

Generally nouns ending in E or ł are feminine.

i.e.     Ghurfatun        (F1)     A Room, and as it carries a tanwin, therefore it is indefinite.

Rule No. 3

Parts of the human body, which are in pairs are also taken as feminine.

i.e.  ‘Aynun               (F1)       Eye

Rule No. 4

Some nouns do not end with E or ł but are still considered as feminine due to their usage.

i.e.   Samāun              (F1)       Sky               Shamsun          (F1)       Sun

Historically both nouns were originally used as feminine.   

 Wassalam



Edited by fatima
Say: (O Muhammad) If you love Allah, then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your faults, and Allah is Forgiving, MercifuL
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Hanan
 
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Quote Hanan Replybullet Posted: 20 December 2006 at 9:33am

Hold fast to the rope of Allah, and be not divided



Edited by Hanan
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Quote Alwardah Replybullet Posted: 21 December 2006 at 11:09am

As Salamu Alaikum

Masha Allah nice thread

Jazakallahu Khairan sis

Salams

“Verily your Lord is quick in punishment; yet He is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful (Surah Al-An’am 6:165)
"Indeed, we belong to Allah and to Him is our return" (Surah Baqarah 2: 155)
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fatima
 
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Quote fatima Replybullet Posted: 27 December 2006 at 12:04pm

Bismillah irrahman irrahim

Assalamu alaikum

BarakAllah Fi, I am sure you must have heard that there are only two types of thirst in this world which can never be quenched, One is for pleasure of world and second is for knowledge. So alhamdulillah the more we learn, inshaAllah the closer it will take us to Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala.

Interrogation and personal pronouns

 

Rule No. 5

 

The particles, (What) and Mann (Who) are used for interrogation. is used for masculine and feminine inanimate nouns and Mann is used for masculine and feminine nouns, used for human beings.

 

 

Rule No. 6

 

Hazâ (This) is a singular masculine demonstrative pronoun for demonstration when the object for demonstration is very close.

 

 

Rule No. 7

 

Huwa (He) is the third person singular masculine personal pronoun.

 

Example Analysis: Rules 5-7

(i) If a masculine inanimate object Kitâbun (A Book) is identified as near by, the interrogation is raised with (What) and Hazâ (This), Mâ Hazâ? (what is this?). The answer for the interrogation is Hazâ Kitâbun (this is a book).

 

[Note: is in the above sentence is automatically understood. There is no special word in Arabic for is.

 

(ii) Mann Huwa (Who is he?)

As Mann (who) is a particle and is used for the interrogation of masculine and feminine nouns, used for human beings. Hence it is used with the masculine pronoun Huwa (he).

Mann (who) can also be used with Hazâ (This) for interrogation provided the object for demonstration is a human being singular and masculine. In both these interrogations if the object is a man then the answer will be Hazâ Rajulun (This is a man).

[Note: all nouns used in this part are masculine]

 

Rule No. 8

 

Hazihi (This) is a singular feminine demonstrative pronoun when the object is near/close.

 

Rule No. 9

 

Hiya (she) is the third person singular feminine personal pronoun.

 

Example Analysis: Rules 8-9

(i)                    If a feminine inanimate object Zahratun (a flower) is shown as nearby, the interrogation is raised with (What?). Mâ Hazihi (what is this?) and the answer is, Hazihi Zahratun (This is a flower).

(ii)                  Mann Hiya (Who is she?)

Hiya Bintun (She is a girl)

 

 

Rule No. 10

 

Âa / Hall (Is?) are the particles used for interrogation for masculine and feminine nouns. Both can be used interchangeably.

 

Example Analysis:

Âa Hazâ Kitâbun (Is this a book?)

If the answer is in the affirmative, Na‘am (Yes) is placed before the sentence.

Na‘am, Hazâ Kitâbun (Yes this is a book)

If the answer is in the negative, Lâ (No) is placed before the sentence.

Âa Hazâ Kitâbun (Is this a book?)

Lâ, Hazâ Qalamun (No, this is a pen).

 

Rule No. 11

 

Ânta (You) is used for the second person singular masculine pronoun and Ânti (You) for the second person feminine singular.

 

Rule No. 12

 

Ânâ ( I ) is used for both the singular masculine and feminine first person.

 

 Example Analysis: Rules 11-12

If the question is raised to a man: Mann Ânta (Who are you?), while for a woman, Mann Ânti.

The answer is Ânâ Rajulun/ Imraâtun (I am a man/woman)

 

The second person personal pronouns helps to develop conversation and dialogue.

 

Wassalam

Say: (O Muhammad) If you love Allah, then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your faults, and Allah is Forgiving, MercifuL
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Quote Cyril Replybullet Posted: 31 December 2006 at 8:58am
Fatima

I am a little puzzled by your use of the "^" accent in transcription. I use it for long Arabic vowels (I have a French keyboard) as you do in the first half of your last post.

In the second part I see it on short vowels as in ânâ which should be ana (the second "a" is written long in Arabic but I heard it is pronounced short), or ânta which should be anta.
On the other hand hazâ should be hâzâ.
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fatima
 
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Quote fatima Replybullet Posted: 05 January 2007 at 4:18am

Bismillah irrahman irrahim

Assalamu alaikum

JazakAllah khair for correcting me, I will have to tell you i am really bad at roman form of any language. I have arabic infront of me and i try to make it sound right but looks like there are going to be many times when i fail so please be kind enough to go through my posts in this thread and correct them whenever you can.

Thing was that i am told that when there is a fatha on or letter before alif then you make it more prominent, thats what i was trying to do on ana and anta. And i had a fatha on Ha in hâzâ instead of a long vowel in my notes so i went wrong there. Anyway in future i will try to be more careful inshaAllah.

wassalam

p.s. I might take few more days before putting the next part, bit short on time these days.

Say: (O Muhammad) If you love Allah, then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your faults, and Allah is Forgiving, MercifuL
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Quote fatima Replybullet Posted: 10 January 2007 at 4:19am

Bismillah irrahman irrahim

Assalamu alaikum

I am trying something new this week seeing my poor attempt of writing Arabic in romanized format

Lesson 2

 

ح  Dh ذ  Ĥ  ص Th ث Ş ضĎ ظŻ HK خ

 

 

Jannatun / Hadiqatun         ﺠﻨﺔ/ﺤﺪﯿﻗ 5172;   (F1)         Garden

 

 

Ĥarrthun       ﺤﺮﺚ           (M1)                    Field

 

 

Fullkun                ﻔﻠﻚ       (F1)                     Ship

 

 

Huddan              ﻫﺪﻲ                           Guidance

 

 

Turābun             ﺘﺮاب     (M)                  Soil

 

 

Thaubun               ﺛﻮب    (M)                  Garment

 

 

Dunnya                 ﺪﻧﻴﺎ    (F)                    World

 

 

Dhahabun             ﺬﻫب   (M)                  Gold

 

 

Şirāŧun                    ﺻﺮﺍﻄ  (M1)              Road

 

 

Ďau’un                  ﻀﻮﺀ                           Light

 

 

Ŧ’āmun                 ﻃﻋﺎﻢ (M1)                    Food

 

 

Żullmatun                ﻅﻠﻤﺔ                      Darkness

 

 

Laylun                   ﻠﻳﻞ   (M1)                   Night

 

 

Nahārun                 ﻨﻫﺎﺮ      (F1)                    Day

 

 

Nārun                          ﻨﺎﺮ     (F)                      Fire

 

 

Thumma                ﺛﻢ                      Then

 

 

‘Ālimun                    ﻋﺎﻠﻢ      (M1)             Scholar

 

 

‘Ālimatun                  ﻋﺎﻠﻤﺔ     (F1)              Scholar

 

 

‘Alima                       ﻋﻠﻢ     (III M1)            To know

                                                                           He knew

 

 

‘Alimatt                   ﻋﻠﻤﺖ    (III F1)            She knew

 

 

‘Alimmta                  ﻋﻠﻤﺖ    (IIM1)           You knew

 

 

‘Alimmti                 ﻋﻠﻤﺖ     (II F1)           You knew

 

 

‘Alimmtu                  ﻋﻠﻤﺖ      (M1 + F1)        I knew

 

 

Jahila                      ﺠﻫﻞ      To remain ignorant

 

 

Şadaqa                  ﺻﺪﻖ       To speak truth

 

 

Kataba                    ﻛﺗﺐ       To write

 

 

Qaraā                      ﻘﺮﺃ      To read

 

 

Dakhala               ﺪﺨﻞ      To enter

 

 

Kharaja              ﺨﺮﺝ      To come out

 

 

Akala                    ﺃﻛﻞ       To eat

 

 

Jalasa                     ﺠﻠﺲ      To sit

 

 

Kadhaba               ﻛﺬﺐ     To speak lie

 

 

Dhahaba                  ﺬﻫﺐ      To go

 

 

Sami‘a                        ﺴﻤﻊ     To listen to

 

 

Ďa‘ufa                    ﻀﻌﻒ      Become weak

Wassalam

Say: (O Muhammad) If you love Allah, then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your faults, and Allah is Forgiving, MercifuL
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amah
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Quote amah Replybullet Posted: 10 January 2007 at 4:30am

Assalam Alaikum

My suggestion: use single "a" for fath-ha, double "aa" for madd alif, similarly "i" for kasrah and double"ee" for for madd yaa.....

..If its ok for you...jazakallahkhair

wassalaam



Edited by amah
Allah is Sufficient as a Walee (Protector) and Allah is Sufficient as a Naseer (Helper).
(Surah An-Nisa, Chapter #4, Verse #45)
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