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Alwardah
 
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Quote Alwardah Replybullet Topic: Parables from the Qur’an
    Posted: 30 April 2005 at 6:05am

Presently I am studying the Parables from the Glorious Qur'an and decided to share some here with you.

 

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

Auzo Billahe minash Shaitanir-Rajim. Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim

A Fly

Surah Al-Hajj 22:73

73. O mankind! A parable has been made, so listen to it: Verily, those on whom you call besides Allah, cannot create a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose. And if the fly snatches away a thing from them, they will have no power to release it from the fly. So weak are the seeker and the sought.

74. They have not regarded Allah with His rightful esteem. Verily, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty.

The insignificance of the Idols and the foolishness of their Worshippers

Here Allah points out the insignificance of the idols and the foolishness of those who worship them.

O mankind! A parable has been made, meaning, a parable of that which is worshipped by those who are ignorant of Allah and who join others as partners with Him.

so listen to it pay attention and understand.

Verily, those on whom you call besides Allah, cannot create a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose. Even if all the idols and false gods whom you worship were to come together to create a single fly, they would not be able to do that. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah recorded the Marfu` report:

("Who does more wrong than one who tries to create something like My creation Let them create an ant or a fly or a seed like My creation!'') This was also recorded by the authors of the Two Sahihs via `Umarah from Abu Zur`ah from Abu Hurayrah, who said that the Prophet said: a

(Allah says: "Who does more wrong than one who tries to create (something) like My creation Let them create an ant, let them create a grain of barley.'') Then Allah says:

(And if the fly snatches away a thing from them, they will have no power to release it from the fly.) They are unable to create a single fly and, moreover, they are unable to resist it or take revenge against it if it were to take anything from the good and perfumed thing on which it lands. If they wanted to recover that, they would not be able to, even though the fly is the weakest and most insignificant of Allah's creatures. Allah says:

 (So weak are the seeker and the sought.) Ibn `Abbas said, "The seeker is the idol and the sought is the fly.'' This was the view favored by Ibn Jarir, and it is what is apparent from the context. As-Suddi and others said, "The seeker is the worshipper, and the sought is the idol.'' Then Allah says:

(They have not regarded Allah with His rightful esteem.) meaning, they have not recognized the might and power of Allah when they wor- ship alongside Him those who cannot even ward off a fly, because they are so weak and incapable.

(Verily, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty.) means, He is the All-Strong Who, by His might and power, created all things.

(And He it is Who originates the creation, then He will repeat it; and this is easier for Him) [30:27]

(Verily, the punishment of your Lord is severe and painful. Verily, He it is Who begins and repeats.) [85:12-13]

 (Verily, Allah is the Provider, Owner of power, the Most Strong.) [51:58].

All-Mighty means, He has subjugated and subdued all things, and there is none that can resist Him or overcome His might and power, and He is the One, the Subduer.

Reference: Tafsir ibn Kathir (abridged) English version.

Wa Alaikum Salam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu



Edited by Alwardah
“Verily your Lord is quick in punishment; yet He is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful (Surah Al-An’am 6:165)
"Indeed, we belong to Allah and to Him is our return" (Surah Baqarah 2: 155)
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Quote Alwardah Replybullet Posted: 30 April 2005 at 6:06am

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

Auzo Billahe minash Shaitanir-Rajim. Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim

 

 

A Man belonging to many Partners

Surah Az-Zumar 39:29

29. Allah puts forth a parable: a man belonging to many partners disputing with one another, and a man belonging entirely to one master. Are those two equal in comparison? All the Praises and thanks be to Allah! But most of them know not.

The Parable of Shirk

Allah puts forth a parable: a man belonging to many partners disputing with one another, meaning, they were disputing concerning that slave in whom they all had a share.

(and a (slave) man belonging entirely to one master, means, no one owned him except that one man.

Are those two equal in comparison? meaning, they are not the same. By the same token, the idolator who worships other gods besides Allah and the sincere believer who worships none besides Allah, with no partner or associate, are not equal. What comparison can there be between them Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, Mujahid and others said, "This Ayah is the parable of the idolator and the sincere believer.'' Because this parable is so clear and obvious, Allah then says:

All the praises and thanks be to Allah! i.e. for establishing proof against them.

But most of them know not, means, and for this reason they associate others in worship with Allah.

Reference: Tafsir ibn Kathir (abridged) English version.

 

Wa Alaikum Salam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

“Verily your Lord is quick in punishment; yet He is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful (Surah Al-An’am 6:165)
"Indeed, we belong to Allah and to Him is our return" (Surah Baqarah 2: 155)
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Quote Alwardah Replybullet Posted: 30 April 2005 at 6:07am
As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

Auzo Billahe minash Shaitanir-Rajim. Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim

 

 

A Mosquito

Surah Al Baqarah 2: 26

26. Verily, Allah is not ashamed to set forth a parable even of a mosquito or so much more when it is bigger (or less when it is smaller) than it. And as for those who believe, they know that it is the truth from their Lord, but as for those who disbelieve, they say: What did Allah intend by this parable? by it He misleads many, and many He guides thereby. And He

misleads thereby on the Fasiqin (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah)

 

 

A Parable about the Life of This World

 

Abu Ja`far Ar-Razi reported that Ar-Rabi` bin Anas commented on this Ayah (2:26); "This is an example that Allah has given for the life of this world. The mosquito lives as long as it needs food, but when it gets fat, it dies. This is also the example of people whom Allah mentioned in the Qur'an: when they acquire (and collect the delights of) the life of this world, Allah then takes them away.'' Afterwards, he recited,

 

(So, when they forgot (the warning) with which they had been reminded, We opened for them the gates of every (pleasant) thing) (6:44)

 

In this Ayah (2:26) Allah stated that He does not shy away or hesitate in making an example or parable of anything, whether the example involves a significant or an insignificant matter.

Allah's statement,

 

Or so much more when it is bigger than it  Fama fawqaha means, something bigger than the mosquito, which is one of the most insignificant and tiniest of creatures. Muslim narrated that Aishah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

(No Muslim is harmed by a thorn, Fama fawqaha (or something larger), but a good deed will be written for him and an evil deed will be erased from his record.)

 

So Allah has informed us that there is no matter that is too small that is exempt from being used as an example, even if it was as insignificant as a mosquito or a spider. Allah said,

 

(O mankind! A similitude has been coined, so listen to it (carefully): Verily, those on whom you call besides Allah, cannot create (even) a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose. And if the fly snatches away a thing from them, they will have no power to release it from the fly. So weak are (both) the seeker and the sought.) (22:73),

 

Mujahid commented on Allah's statement,

 

Verily, Allah is not ashamed to set forth a parable even of a mosquito or so much more when it is bigger than it. "The believers believe in these parables, whether they involve large matters or small, because they know that they are the truth from their Lord, and Allah guides the believers by these parables.''

 

In his Tafsir, As-Suddi reported that Ibn `Abbas, Ibn Mas`ud and other people among the Companions said,

 

By it He misleads many, "Meaning the hypocrites. Allah guides the believers with these parables, and the straying of the hypocrites increases when they reject the parables that Allah mentioned for them which they know are true. This is how Allah misleads them.''

 

And He guides thereby meaning, with the parables,

 

many from among the people of faith and conviction. Allah adds guidance to their guidance, and faith to their faith, because they firmly believe in what they know to be true, that is, the parables that Allah has mentioned. This is guidance that Allah grants them;

 

And He misleads thereby only the Fasiqin (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah), meaning, the hypocrites. The Arabs say that the date has Fasaqat, when it comes out of its skin, and they call the mouse a Fuwaysiqah, because it leaves its den to cause mischief. The Two Sahihs recorded `A'ishah saying that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

(Five animals are Fawasiq, and they must be killed during Ihram and otherwise: the crow, the kite, the scorpion, the mouse and the rabid dog.)

 

Fasiq, includes the disbeliever and the disobedient. However, the Fisq of the disbeliever is worse, and this is the type of Fasiq that the Ayah is describing here, because Allah described them as,

 

(Those who break Allah's covenant after ratifying it, and sever what Allah has ordered to be joined and do mischief on earth, it is they who are the losers.) (2:27)

 

These are the characteristics of the disbelievers and they contradict the qualities of the believers.

 

 

Reference: Tafsir ibn Kathir (abridged) English version.

 

Wa Alaikum Salam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

 

“Verily your Lord is quick in punishment; yet He is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful (Surah Al-An’am 6:165)
"Indeed, we belong to Allah and to Him is our return" (Surah Baqarah 2: 155)
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Quote Alwardah Replybullet Posted: 30 April 2005 at 6:07am

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

Auzo Billahe minash Shaitanir-Rajim. Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim

 

A Proud Man and a Humble Believer

Surah Al-Kahf 18:32-44

32. And put forward to them the example of two men: unto one of them We had given two gardens of grapes, and We had surrounded both with date palms; and had put between them green crops (cultivated fields).

 

33. Each of those two gardens brought forth its produce, and failed not in the least therein, and We caused a river to gush forth in the midst of both.

 

34. And he had Thamar, and he said to his companion in the course of discussion: "I am greater than you in wealth and have a mightier entourage.''

 

35. And he went into his garden while having been unjust to himself. He said: "I do not think that this will ever perish.''

 

36. "And I do not think the Hour will ever come, and if indeed I am brought back to my Lord, I surely, shall find better than this when I return to Him.''

The Example of the Rich Idolators and the Poor Muslims

After mentioning the idolators who were too arrogant to sit with the poor and weak among Muslims, showing off before them with their wealth and noble lineage, Allah then gives a parable for them of two men, one of whom Allah gave two gardens of grapes, surrounded with palm trees and cultivated with crops throughout. All of the trees and plants were abundantly fruitful, providing readily accessible, good quality produce. Allah says:

Each of those two gardens brought forth its produce, meaning, produced its fruits,

and failed not in the least therein, meaning, nothing at all was diminishing.

and We caused a river to gush forth in the midst of both means, rivers were flowing through them here and there.

And he had Thamar, It was said that what was meant here was wealth, and it was said that what was meant were fruits, which is the more apparent meaning here. This is also supported by the alternative recitation, Thumr, which is the plural of Thamrah (fruit) just as Khushb is the plural of Khashab (wood). Others recite it as Thamar.

and he said the owner of the two gardens

to his companion in the course of discussion means, while he was disputing with him and boasting to him and showing off,

I am greater than you in wealth and have a mightier entourage meaning, `I have more servants, attendants and children.' Qatadah said, "This, by Allah, is the wish of the immoral to have a lot of wealth and a large entourage."

And he went into his garden having been unjust to himself, meaning, in his disbelief, rebellion, arrogance and denial of the Hereafter.

He said: "I do not think this will ever perish.'' Thus he was allowing himself to be deceived because of the plants, fruits and trees that he saw, and the rivers flowing through the different parts of his gardens. He thought that it could never come to an end or cease or be destroyed. This was because of his lack of understanding and the weakness of his faith in Allah, and because he was enamored with this world and its adornments, and because he disbelieved in the Hereafter. So he said:

"And I do not think the Hour will ever come...'') meaning, will ever happen

and if indeed I am brought back to my Lord, I surely shall find better than this when I return to Him  meaning, `if there is a Hereafter and a return to Allah, then I will have a better share than this with my Lord, for if it were not that I am dear to Him, He would not have given me all this.' As Allah says elsewhere:

(But if I am brought back to my Lord, surely there will be for me the best with Him.) [41:50]

(Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our Ayat and said: "I shall certainly be given wealth and children [if I will be alive again).'')[19:77] He took it for granted that Allah would give him this, without any sound evidence for that. The reason why this Ayah was revealed was because of Al-`As bin Wa'il, as we will explain in the appropriate place, if Allah wills. In Allah we put our trust.

37. His companion said to him during his discussion: "Do you disbelieve in Him Who created you out of dust, then out of Nutfah, then fashioned you into a man''

38. "But as for my part, (I believe) that He is Allah, my Lord, and none shall I associate as partner with my Lord.''

39. "It was better for you to say, when you entered your garden: `That which Allah wills! There is no power but with Allah!' If you see me less than you in wealth, and children,''

40. "It may be that my Lord will give me something better than your garden, and will send on it Husban from the sky, then it will be as a barren slippery earth.''

41. "Or the water thereof becomes Ghawran so that you will never be able to seek it.''

The Response of the Poor Believer

Allah tells us how the rich man's believing companion replied to him, warning and rebuking him for his disbelief in Allah and allowing himself to be deceived.

Do you disbelieve in Him Who created you out of dust...This is a denunciation, pointing out the seriousness of his rejection of his Lord Who created and formed man out of dust -- that is, referring to Adam -- then made his offspring from despised liquid, as Allah says:

)How can you disbelieve in Allah Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life) [2:28] meaning, how can you reject your Lord and His clear signs to you, which every one recognizes in himself, for there is no one among His creatures who does not know that he was nothing, then he came to be, and his existence is not due to himself or any other creature. He knows that his existence is due to his Creator, beside Whom there is no other god, the Creator of all things. So the believer said:

But as for my part, (I believe) that He is Allah, my Lord, meaning, `I do not say what you say; rather I acknowledge the Oneness and Lordship of Allah,'

and none shall I associate as partner with my Lord,  meaning, He is Allah, the One Who is to be worshipped Alone, with no partner or associate. Then he said:

It was better for you to say, when you entered your garden, `That which Allah wills! There is no power but with Allah!' If you see me less than you in wealth, and children. Here he was urging and encouraging him to say that, as if he was saying, "When you entered your garden and looked at it and liked it, why wouldn't you praise Allah for the blessings He gave you and the wealth and children that He has given to you and not to others Why did you not say `That which Allah wills! There is no power but with Allah!''' One of the Salaf said, "Whoever is delighted with something in his circumstances or his wealth or his children, let him say, `That which Allah wills! There is no power but with Allah!''' This is based on this Ayah. It was reported in the Sahih from Abu Musa that the Messenger of Allah said:

Shall I not tell you about some of the treasure of Paradise La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah (There is no power or might but with Allah).)

It may be that my Lord will give me something better than your garden,.. in the Hereafter

and will send on it on your garden in this world, which you think will never come to an end or cease to be,

Husban from the sky,  Ibn `Abbas, Ad-Dahhak and Qatadah said -- and Malik narrated that Az-Zuhri said -- a punishment from heaven. The apparent meaning is that it is a mighty rain which would disrupt his garden and uproot its plants and trees. As he said:

then it will be as a barren slippery earth. meaning, smooth mud in which one cannot get a foothold. Ibn `Abbas said, "Like land without vegetation, where nothing grows.''

Or the water thereof becomes Ghawran means, it disappears into the earth, which is the opposite of flowing water that seeks the surface of the earth. So Gha'ir is to go lower, as Allah says:

(Say: "Tell me! If your water were Ghawran, who then can supply you with flowing water'') [67: 30] meaning, water that flows in all directions. And here Allah says:

Or the water thereof (of the gardens) becomes deep-sunken (underground) so that you will never be able to seek it. Ghawr is from the same root as Gha'ir and has a similar meaning, but is more intensive.

42. So his fruits were encircled (with ruin). And began Yuqallibu his hands over what he had spent upon it, while it was all destroyed on its trellises, and he could only say: "Would that I had ascribed no partners to my Lord!"

43. And he had no group of men to help him against Allah, nor could he defend (or save) himself.

44. There (on the Day of Resurrection), Al-Walayah will be for Allah (Alone), the True God. He (Allah) is the best for reward and the best for the final end.

The Evil Results of Kufr

Allah says:

So his fruits were encircled, meaning his wealth, or according to the other opinion, his crops. What is meant is that what this disbeliever was afraid of and what the believer had terrified him actually had happened. A storm struck his garden, a garden which he had erroneously thought would last forever, distracting him from thoughts of Allah, may He be glorified.

And he began Yuqallibu his hands over what he had spent upon it, Qatadah said: "He was clasping his hands together in a gesture of regret and grief for the wealth he had lost.''

and he could only say: "Would that I had ascribed no partners to my Lord!"

And he had no group of men meaning a clan or children, as he had vainly boasted,

to help him against Allah, nor could he defend himself.

There, Al-Walayah will be for Allah, the True God. Here there are differences in recitation. Some of the reciters pause at the word there,

nor could he defend himself there i.e., at that time, when Allah sends the punishment upon him, there will be no one to save him. Then they start the next phrase with

Al-Walayah will be for Allah, the True God. Some of them pause at the phrase

nor could he defend himself and start the next phrase;

There, Al-Walayah will be for Allah, the True God. There is a further difference in the recitation of the word Al-Walayah. Some read it as Al-Walayah, which gives the meaning that all allegiance will be to Allah, i.e., on that Day everyone, believer or disbeliever, will return to Allah, for allegiance and submission to Him when the punishment comes to pass. This is like the Ayah:

So when they saw Our punishment, they said: "We believe in Allah Alone and reject (all) that we used to associate with Him as partners.'') [40:84] and Allah says concerning the Fir`awn;

(Till when drowning overtook him, he said: "I believe that none has the right to be worshipped but He in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims.'' Now! While you refused to believe before and you were one of the mischief-makers.) [10:90-91] Some others read it as Al-Wilayah, meaning that on that Day the rule will belong to Allah, the True God. Some read Haqqu (True) refering to Al-Wilayah, as in the Ayah;

(The sovereignty on that Day will be the true (sovereignty), belonging to the Most Gracious (Allah), and it will be a hard Day for the disbelievers) [25:26]. Others it read Haqqi referring to Allah, may He be glorified, as in the Ayah:

(Then they are returned to Allah, their True Protector.) [6:62] So Allah says:

He (Allah) is the best to reward and the best for the final end, for deeds that were done for the sake of Allah, their reward is good and their consequences are all good.

 

Reference: Tafsir ibn Kathir (abridged) English version.

 

Wa Alaikum Salam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

“Verily your Lord is quick in punishment; yet He is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful (Surah Al-An’am 6:165)
"Indeed, we belong to Allah and to Him is our return" (Surah Baqarah 2: 155)
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ummziba
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Quote ummziba Replybullet Posted: 30 April 2005 at 6:11am

As salaamu alaikum, sister Alwardah,

Thank you very much for these posts.  Insha'a Allah, you will post more.  May Allah bless you for your efforts.

Peace, ummziba.

Sticks and stones may break my bones, but your words...they break my soul ~
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Quote Nausheen Replybullet Posted: 30 April 2005 at 6:13am

Auzubillahi minash shaitan ir rajeem,

Bismillah ir rahman ir rahim,

Assalamualaikum wa rahmatullah,

Subhan allah this is a beautiful thread. Thank you for your efforts, may allah reward you manifolds.

I quickly skimmed thru the stories but insha allah will come back and read every detail.

Jazak allah khair.

Maa salaama,

Nausheen

Wanu nazzilu minal Qurani ma huwa
Shafaa un wa rahmatun lil mo'mineena
wa la yaziduzzalimeena illa khasara.
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Quote Alwardah Replybullet Posted: 02 May 2005 at 1:32pm

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

Auzo Billahe minash Shaitanir-Rajim. Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim

 

Blind and Deaf

Surah Hud 11:24

 24. The likeness of the two parties is as the blind and the deaf and the seer and the hearer. Are they equal when compared Will you not then take heed.

In the preceding Ayat Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala tells us about the Disbelievers and Believers. In this Ayah we have the parable.

The Parable of the Believers and the Disbelievers

Then, Allah, the Exalted, makes a parable of the disbelievers and the believers. He says,

The likeness of the two parties This refers to those disbelievers whom Allah first described as wretched, and then those believers whom He described with delightfulness. The first group is like one who is blind and deaf, while the second group is like he who sees and hears. Thus, the disbeliever is blind from the truth in this life and in the Hereafter. He is not guided to goodness, nor does he recognize it. He is deaf from hearing the proofs, thus he does not hear that which would benefit him. As Allah says,

(Had Allah known of any good in them, He would indeed have made them listen.)[8:23] The believer is smart, bright and clever. He sees the truth and distinguishes between the truth and falsehood. Thus, he follows the good and abandons the evil. He hears and distinguishes between the proof and skepticisms. Therefore, falsehood does not overcome him. Are these two types of people alike

Will you not then take heed This statement means, "Will you not consider, so that you may distinguish between these two categories of people.'' This is as Allah mentions in another verse,

Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of the Paradise. It is the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful.)[59:20] Allah also says,

Not alike are the blind and the seeing. Nor are (alike) darkness and light. Nor are (alike) the shade and the sun's heat. Nor are (alike) the living and the dead. Verily, Allah makes whom He wills to hear, but you cannot make hear those who are in graves. You are only a Warner. Verily, We have sent you with the truth, a bearer of glad tidings and a Warner. And there never was a nation but a Warner had passed among them.)[35:19-24]

 

Reference: Tafsir ibn Kathir (abridged) English version.

 

Wa Alaikum Salam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

 

“Verily your Lord is quick in punishment; yet He is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful (Surah Al-An’am 6:165)
"Indeed, we belong to Allah and to Him is our return" (Surah Baqarah 2: 155)
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Quote Alwardah Replybullet Posted: 02 May 2005 at 1:33pm

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

Auzo Billahe minash Shaitanir-Rajim. Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim

 

 

Ashes blown about by the wind

Surah Ibrahim 14:18

 

 

18. The parable of those who disbelieved in their Lord is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day; they shall not be able to get aught of what they have earned. That is the straying, far away (from the right path).

A Parable for the Deeds of the Disbelievers

This is a parable that Allah has given for the deeds and actions of the disbelievers who worshipped others besides Him and rejected His Messengers, thus building their acts on groundless basis. Their actions vanished from them when they were most in need of their rewards. Allah said,

The parable of those who disbelieved in their Lord is that their works on the Day of Judgment, when they will seek their rewards from Allah the Exalted. They used to think that they had something, but they will find nothing, except what remains of ashes when a strong wind blows on it,

on a stormy day; They will not earn rewards for any of the good works they performed during this life, except what they can preserve of ashes during a day of strong wind. Allah said in other Ayat,

(And We shall turn to whatever deeds they did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of dust.)[25:23],

(The parable of what they spend in this world is that of a wind which is extremely cold; it struck the harvest of a people who did wrong against themselves and destroyed it. Allah wronged them not, but they wronged themselves.)[3:117],and,

(O you who believe! Do not render in vain your Sadaqah (charity) by reminders of your generosity or by injury, like him who spends his wealth to be seen of men, and he does not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day. His parable is that of a smooth rock on which is a little dust; on it falls heavy rain which leaves it bare. They are not able to do anything with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.)[2:264] Allah said in this Ayah,

That is the straying, far away from the right path meaning, their work and deeds were not based on firm, correct grounds, and thus, they lost their rewards when they needed them the most.

 

Reference: Tafsir ibn Kathir (abridged) English version.

 

Wa Alaikum Salam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

 

“Verily your Lord is quick in punishment; yet He is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful (Surah Al-An’am 6:165)
"Indeed, we belong to Allah and to Him is our return" (Surah Baqarah 2: 155)
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