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Arabic Language
 IslamiCity Forum - Islamic Discussion Forum : Culture & Community : Arabic Language
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ummziba
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Quote ummziba Replybullet Topic: Grammar
    Posted: 05 October 2006 at 5:59am

Assalamu alaikum,

This thread can be for all things related to Arabic grammar.  Please feel free to contribute your knowledge of this for the benefit of all of us!

  • a vowel is called "haraka" (movement)
  • a consonant with a vowel sign (fatha, kasara, dhamma) is called "mutahanik" (moved)
  • a consonant without a vowel sign is called "sakin" (resting)
  • a double consonant without a vowel sound in between, is written only once and a sign called "shadda" is placed over it.  Shadda looks like a tiny letter w, only with rounded bottoms, not pointed like the keyboard makes it!
  • when a consonant has shadda, the letter sound must be distinctly pronounced twice (for example: sheen with fatha and meem with shadda and fatha would be pronounced "shamma" (to smell)
Sticks and stones may break my bones, but your words...they break my soul ~
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Quote hat2010 Replybullet Posted: 12 October 2006 at 8:00am
Wa alikoom salaam wa baraktuhu....

Now - one thing english speakers will miss is the little articles of is/are/
am.

Simply put - "I" "you" he" etc contain and imply what we use as "is/are/
am."

Example - Ana ferhan. inti lit "I happy"

If this is direction you were thinking of for this thread and is helpful I'll
continue to build on this post...

Allah lounikoom

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ummziba
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Quote ummziba Replybullet Posted: 13 October 2006 at 4:38am

Assalamu alaikum,

Yes, please do continue to contribute!  Thanks.

Peace, ummziba.

Sticks and stones may break my bones, but your words...they break my soul ~
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Quote hat2010 Replybullet Posted: 27 October 2006 at 6:58pm
Peace

Bismillah.

When we use common verbs the subject is appended to it. Which isn't
too different from English. Except that missing article bit I mentioned
above (in the example 'at' is the missing one)

"Look at her!" - "Shoof-ha"
"Look at him!" - "Shoof-he"
"Look at me" - "Shoof-nii"
"Look at them" - "Shoof-hom"
"Look at us" - "Shoof-na"

Salaam...
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Quote hat2010 Replybullet Posted: 07 November 2006 at 7:57pm
Peace,

Bismillah.

Possessives (using house 'dar')

"My house" - Dar-ee
"Your house" - Dar-ik
"His house" - Dar-he
"Her house" - Dar-ha
"Our house" - Dar-na
"Their house" - Dar-hom
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