Active TopicsActive Topics  Display List of Forum MembersMemberlist  CalendarCalendar  Search The ForumSearch  HelpHelp
  RegisterRegister  LoginLogin  Old ForumOld Forum  Twitter  Facebook
Advertisement:
         

Asia-Pacific
 IslamiCity Forum - Islamic Discussion Forum : Regional : Asia-Pacific
Message Icon Topic: Philippines - 450 years of Muslim struggl Post Reply Post New Topic
Author Message
Rehmat
 
Guest Group
Guest Group
Avatar

Joined: 28 February 2005
Location: Canada
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 474
Quote Rehmat Replybullet Topic: Philippines - 450 years of Muslim struggl
    Posted: 21 April 2005 at 1:00pm

The struggle of the Moro people for freedom and self-determination is one of the longest, if not the longest, struggles in the history of mankind. Their struggle began with the "discovery" of the Philippines by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, who claimed the island for Spain. The Moros rejected his claim, and Lapu Lapu subsequently killed him, a Moro Muslim leader. From then on, the Moros were in a fight for their independence and freedom.

 

The Spanish differentiated the two natives of the archipelago into pagan Malays (Indios) and Muslim Malays (named Moros after the Spanish Moors). Their policy was simply to convert the Indios to Christianity and kill the Moros. The military resistance against the Spanish lasted over 350 years, until the Spanish were defeated by the Americans in the 1898 Spanish-American war. Despite the fact the Spanish had never colonized the Morolands, Spain included Mindanao in the Treaty of Paris, which transferred sovereignty to the United States.

 

The US then attempted to subdue and disarm the Moros. Such was the resistance, that the US Army ordered the upgrade of the standard issue Colt .38-caliber pistol to the more powerful Colt .45-caliber, in order to stop the knife-wielding Moros. Their frenetic and oft suicidal style of fighting gave us the expression, "running amok". The colonial administration then began passing laws that would quell Moro aspirations of independence by migrating large numbers of Christian Indios to the region.

 

In 1903, all Moro land holdings were declared null and void and made open to land grabbing. In 1913, law was passed allowing Christians to own up to 16 hectares, whereas a Muslim could only own 8. In 1919, Christian land entitlement was generously extended to 24 hectares.

 

When independence from the US was imminent, the Moro leadership pled not to be included in the new "Independent Philippines". Yet, on July 4, 1946, when independence was proclaimed, the Morolands were incorporated against their wishes, as they had been with the handover from Spain to the US.

 

The pattern of migrating Christians to Moro lands continued. In the 1950s, Northern peasants formed the New People's Army and staged a Maoist rebellion. In order to defuse the situation, the government, under the auspices of the Economic Development Corp (EDCOR) began migrating these peasants to the Moro south and giving them seized parcels of Moro land.

 

In 1968, anger at Manilla reached a new level, when the US-backed Ferdinand Marcos executed nearly 70 Muslim commando recruits to keep secret an aborted plan to invade Sabah, in Malaysia's Borneo. When Marcos declared martial law on September 21, 1972, the Moros went to war after a quarter of a century of relative dormancy. Shortly afterwards, the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) was formed, which called for an independent Moro state - Bangsamoro. They fought the US-armed Manilla regime for twenty-five years, leaving at least 100,000 Moros dead, and 250,000 driven from their homes. In 1996, the MNLF signed a peace deal with the Philippine government.

 

In a war that has been criticized for it's double-standards, this latest US military adventure will do little to change perceptions.

 

America is helping fight the 800-strong Abu Sayyaf, whilst overlooking the New People's Army, who represents a force of over 12,000 fighters. They've been staging a communist insurgency in the north for the last 30 years, and have killed over 40,000 people so far, including an American hiker and his German companion killed last week.

 

The problems in the Morolands have little to do with international terrorism, but have everything to do with the injustices meted out to the Moro people for centuries. The solution to the Moro problem is the same as the solution to the East Timor problem. There must be a referendum under UN supervision similar to the one conducted in the former Portuguese colony.

 

After over 450 continuous years of struggling for independence, the Moros don't need "Operation Enduring Freedom", they just need freedom.

 

(By: Amir Butler is executive director of the Australian Muslim Public Affairs Committee - AMPAC)

 

Know your enemy!
No time to waste. Act now!
Tomorrow it will be too late
What You Don’t Know Can Kill You

IP IP Logged
Caliph Pulaka
 
Starter
Starter
Avatar

Joined: 02 August 2005
Location: United States
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 2
Quote Caliph Pulaka Replybullet Posted: 02 August 2005 at 9:06am

Assalaam u alaikum.

It's a shame that the 1st National Hero of the Philippines is betrayed by these "sell outs", who prefer involuntary oppression for their own people by the Devil's deciet.

IP IP Logged
kenski70
 
Guest Group
Guest Group
Avatar

Joined: 13 November 2005
Location: United States
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 352
Quote kenski70 Replybullet Posted: 15 December 2005 at 10:55am

The US then attempted to subdue and disarm the Moro's. Such was the resistance, that the US Army ordered the upgrade of the standard issue Colt .38-caliber pistol to the more powerful Colt .45-caliber, in order to stop the knife-wielding Moro's

And why is that? Because the Moro's were using opium and the subsequent high they get gave them an adrenaline boost. So when they launched an insurgency the standard .38 wasn't enough to drop them .45 sure worked though. And why does the Abu Sayyaf kidnap people ? Abu Sayyaf has also allied themselves with Al Queda America's sworn enemy. So why are you surprised America would help against them?

Sorry about that turn signal,I must have fallen asleep.
IP IP Logged
Caliph Pulaka
 
Starter
Starter
Avatar

Joined: 02 August 2005
Location: United States
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 2
Quote Caliph Pulaka Replybullet Posted: 15 December 2005 at 2:17pm

"And why is that? Because the Moro's were using opium and the subsequent high they get gave them an adrenaline boost. So when they launched an insurgency the standard .38 wasn't enough to drop them .45 sure worked though."

 

Much like the ancient samuria as well as kamakazie pilots, the Germans' Stormtroopers and American Fighter Pilots.

Don't believe everything you read on WiKiPedia, I sense truth but also a form of "5%ing". ;-)

---

"You must UNlearn what you have learned."

IP IP Logged
Post Reply Post New Topic
Printable version Printable version

Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot create polls in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum

Disclaimer:
The opinions expressed herein contain positions and viewpoints that are not necessarily those of IslamiCity. This forum is offered to stimulate dialogue and discussion in our continuing mission of being an educational organization.
If there is any issue with any of the postings please email to icforum at islamicity.com or if you are a forum's member you can use the report button.

Note: The 99 names of Allah avatars are courtesy of www.arthafez.com

Advertisement:



Sponsored by:
Islamicity Membership Program:
IslamiCity Donation Program  http://www.islamicity.com/Donate
IslamiCity Arabic eLearning http://www.islamiCity.com/ArabAcademy
Complete Domain & Hosting Solutions www.icDomain.com
Home for Muslim Tunes www.icTunes.com
Islamic Video Collections www.islamiTV.com
IslamiCity Marriage Site www.icMarriage.com