Active TopicsActive Topics  Display List of Forum MembersMemberlist  CalendarCalendar  Search The ForumSearch  HelpHelp
  RegisterRegister  LoginLogin  Old ForumOld Forum  Twitter  Facebook
Advertisement:
         

Basics of Islam
 IslamiCity Forum - Islamic Discussion Forum : Religion - Islam : Basics of Islam
Message Icon Topic: A Discourse on Taqwa (Obedience to Allah) Post Reply Post New Topic
Author Message
Nausheen
 
Senior Member
Senior Member
Avatar
Senior Member

Joined: 10 January 2001
Online Status: Offline
Posts: 4198
Quote Nausheen Replybullet Topic: A Discourse on Taqwa (Obedience to Allah)
    Posted: 09 March 2005 at 12:46pm
Topic: A Discourse on Taqwa (Obedience to Allah) (1 of 1), Read 19 times
Conf: Issues: The Islamic Personality
From: NAUSHEEN
Date: Thursday, January 27, 2005 08:01 PM

Taqwa - Fear of Allah
Ibn Juzayy said in his dictionary of terms from the introduction to his tafsir:

"Taqwa's meaning is fear, clinging to obedience to Allah and abandoning disobedience to Him. It is the sum of all good."

And in his commentary:

We will discuss taqwa in three sections.

First section:
Concerning its benefits derived from the Qur'an, and they are fifteen:

Guidance, because of His words "guidance for the muttaqeen (the people of taqwa)";
Help because of His words "Truly, Allah is with the people who have taqwa";
Close friendship [with Allah] because of His words, "Allah is the close friend of the muttaqeen";
Love because of His words, "Truly Allah loves the muttaqeen";
Covering over [of wrong actions] because of His words, "If you have taqwa of Allah He will make for you a discrimination and He will cover over for you your wrong actions";
A way out from unhappiness, and provision from where one does not expect because of His words, "Whoever has taqwa of Allah He will make a way out for him and provide him from where he does not expect";
Facilitation of affairs because of His words, "Whoever has taqwa of Allah He will make ease for him in his affair";
Full covering over of wrong actions and magnification of rewards because of His words, "Whoever has taqwa of Allah He will cover over his wrong actions and magnify a reward for him";
Acceptance of actions because of His words, "Allah only accepts from the people of taqwa";
Success because of His words, "Have taqwa of Allah in order that you might succeed";
Good news because of His words "For them there is good news in this world and in the next";
Entrance into the Garden because of His words "Truly, there are for the people of taqwa with their Lord Gardens of bliss";
Salvation from the Fire because of His words "Then We will save the ones who had taqwa".
Second Section
There are ten things which awaken taqwa:

Fear of punishment in the next life;
Fear [of punishment in] this life;
Hope of worldly reward;
Hope of the reward of the next world;
Fear of the reckoning;
Shyness and bashfulness before the gaze of Allah, and this is the station of fearful watchfulness (muraqabah);
Showing gratitude for His blessings by obeying Him;
Knowledge, because of His words, "They only fear Allah, of His slaves, the ones who have knowledge";
Exalting and honouring His majesty, and it is the station of awe;
Sincerity in love because of the words of the one who said:
"You disobey God while you make apparent that you love Him,

This, by my life, in analogy is a marvel.

If your love were sincere you would obey Him,

Truly, the lover towards the one he loves is obedient."

And to Allah be attributed the good of the one who said:

"She said, and she had asked about the state of her lover,

'For Allah's sake, describe him and do not omit nor exceed!'

I said, 'If he had feared death from thirst,

and you had said, "Stop! don't approach the water!" then he would not have approached.'"

The Third Section
There are five degrees of taqwa:

That the slave should protect himself from kufr (covering over the truth), and that is the station of Islam;
That he should protect himself from acts of disobedience and forbidden things, and it is the station of turning or repentance (tawbah);
That he should protects himself from doubtful matters, and that is the station of caution or carefulness (wara');
That he should protect himself from even those things that are permitted, and that is the station of doing without (zuhd);
That he should protect himself from the presence of other than Allah in his heart, and it is the presence of witnessing (mushahadah).
That ends what Ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi wrote on taqwa.


 

Edited by administrator
IP IP Logged
Post Reply Post New Topic
Printable version Printable version

Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot create polls in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum

Disclaimer:
The opinions expressed herein contain positions and viewpoints that are not necessarily those of IslamiCity. This forum is offered to stimulate dialogue and discussion in our continuing mission of being an educational organization.
If there is any issue with any of the postings please email to icforum at islamicity.com or if you are a forum's member you can use the report button.

Note: The 99 names of Allah avatars are courtesy of www.arthafez.com

Advertisement:



Sponsored by:
Islamicity Membership Program:
IslamiCity Donation Program  http://www.islamicity.com/Donate
IslamiCity Arabic eLearning http://www.islamiCity.com/ArabAcademy
Complete Domain & Hosting Solutions www.icDomain.com
Home for Muslim Tunes www.icTunes.com
Islamic Video Collections www.islamiTV.com
IslamiCity Marriage Site www.icMarriage.com