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Islamic INTRAfaith Dialogue
 IslamiCity Forum - Islamic Discussion Forum : Religion - Islam : Islamic INTRAfaith Dialogue
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Fatah-Momin
 
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Quote Fatah-Momin Replybullet Topic: A Brief History of Islam
    Posted: 30 October 2005 at 9:56pm

 I looked for a board which dealt with History of Islam, there is none on this forum, I reluctant choose this board as we will be dealing with broad spectrum events, that occurred in last over 1400 yrs. I decided to start from the point in history which was cause of division in Ummah. Not death of Ameerul Momineen Sayedna Hz. Uthamn Al Ghani [may Allah be pleased with him], but nomination of Yazid as Khalifah, thus laying foundation of succession according to some historians who would have us believe that this was a first instance, this not true, Ameerul Momineen Sayedna Hz. Hassan[ra] succeeded his father Ameerul Momineen Sayedna Hz. Ali[ra].

" Th first amongst my followers who will invade Ceaser's city will be forgiven their sins."
[Sahi Al; Bukhari, Vol. I P. 109, Translation by Mohd. muhsin Khan]

It is an irony that one for whome the prophet[saw] had given good tiding of Paradise and who was recognized and accepted as khalifah by not less then 1000 companions[ra] of the prophet[saw] during his life time was later maligned and against whome unfortunatly a triade of most malicious propoganda was made.

Nomination of Yazid as suuccessor to Khilafah was in the best interest of the Ummah. The follower of Ibn Saba who were crushed by Hz. Muawiyah[ra] during his reign vehemently criticised the nomination so much so that it has been generally felt that the namination was in personal interest.

Nomination of succesor Khalifah was not an innovation as there was precedence for it. Hz. Abu Bakr[ra] had nominated Hz. Umar[ra] as his successor. A son succeeding the father was also not objectionable as there was precedence to it. Hz. Hassan[ra] succeeded Hz. Ali[ra] moreover those who bitterly criticised the nomination themselves believed in Imam, most of whome succeeded their fathers. Hz Muawiyah[ra] as a shrewd administrator successfully controlled the rivalries among various Arab Tribes and maintained Balance of power. The Arab Tribes of Syria were divided into two factions.

1. Himairites or [Yemeni] tribes who had settled in Syria earlier then the muslims conquest and considered themselves as sons of the soil.

2. Modharite tribes were those who came as conquerors. Hz. Muawiyah[ra] was considered Modharite. Since his wife belonged to Kalbi tribe Yazid had full sympathy of the Kalbi Tribe. Thus Yazid in his person represented both tribes.

More over Yazid was brought up on tribal atmosphere and had pro-Arab feeling. These feeling were required to oppose the non Arab elements [mostly persian] who were creating trouble for the Islamic state and were responsible for the murder of three Khalifahs.

Before officially declaring Yazid as his successor, Hz. Muawiyah[ra] brought up proposal before Ummah and the muslims from various provinces pledged supoort for the nomination. 50th year of hijra [670 CE] Hz. Muawiyah[ra] himself visited the Holy Cities of Makkah and Medina and brought the proposal to their notice. People of both the cities took oath of allegiance to Yazid. The four prominent persons viz. Abdur Rehman Bin Abu Bakr [ra] Abdullah Bin Umar[ra], Abdullah Bin Zubair[ra] and Hussain Bin Ali[ra], who had earlier opposed the nomination gave their consent by keeping silence. The repost that they kept silent under the threat are not only false but adversely reflect on the integrity of the above four persons.

WILL OF HZ. MUAWIYAH[RA]

In his will Muawiyah[ra] advised Yazid to deal with people of Iraq with caution as they are troublesome. He should not hesitate to frequently change governor if they so desire. The people of Hijaz should be dealt, with utmost courtesy.

Regardin Hussain[ra] Muawiyah[ra] advised that in case the people of Iraq try to gain his support in creating trouble and if he is over powered he should be treated with compassion and respect. Regarding Abdullah Bin Zubair he advised that no compassion should be shown to him. On 22 Rajab 60 hijrah [680 CE] Hz. Muawiyah[ra] breathed his last.

Hz. Muawiyah[ra] great success in restoring the unity and prestige of the Ummah was mainly due to his sincerity of purpose and his extraordinary qualities. He was clear headed, libral, good tempered and political genius. He had quallity of for-bearance and prudent mildness by which he tried to disarm the enemy, and his absolute self-control made him endure all circumstances and the master of any situation.

YAZID

After death of Hz. Muawiyah[ra], people from various provinces accepted Yazid as Khalifah and took bai'at, Yazid diverted his attention to places where the bai'at was not yet completed. The Khalifah ordered the Governor of Medina to take bai'at from, Abdullah Bin Zubair, Abdullah Bin Umar and Hussain Bin Ali[ra]

Evening of 27th of Rajab the governor called the dignitiaries of Medina. Hussain[ra] sent word that he will take oath of allegiance next mornning in presence of the public but same night he left for Makkah. Similarly Abdullah Bin Zubair[ra] also left for Makkah and took residence in the Haram. Abdullah Bin Umar[ra] sent word that when all the others will take bai'at he will also follow suit. Later he and Abdullah Bin Abbas[ra] to the oath of allegiance.

In Makkah people of Kufa continued to keep contact with Hussain [ra] and letters started comming in large numbers pressing him to come to Kufa and assuring him their full co-operation. Abdullah Bin Zubair[ra] realizing that Hussain[ra] stay in Makkah wouold be dangerous for his future plans advised him to proceed to Kufa.

When Khalilfah recieved reports from Medina, he sent a letter to Abdullah Bin Abbas[ra] who was a senior member of the family of Huaain[ra] requesting him to prevent Hussain[ra] from taking any step which will create discord in the Ummah. On reciept of the letter Abdullah Bin Abbas[ra] sent reply to the Khalifah informing himthat he would suitably advise Hussain[ra] and that hopefully Hussain[ra] will not take any undesirable step

Hussain[ra] stayed in Makkah for over four months. During all the time letter and delegations continued to come from Iraq. The official wee aware of it and kept Khalifah informed but the attitude of the Khallifah was soft. The Iraqies were not stopped from visiting Hussain[ra].

Hussain[ra] could not decide to go. Out of 17 sons of Ali[ra] only five were with Hussain[ra]. The remainning brothers including Muhammad Bin Hanifiyah[rta] did not support Hussian[ra]'s favourable response to the rebellion of Iraq. Outside the family also no one was in support of his intended move.



Edited by Fatah-Momin
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Fatah-Momin
 
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Quote Fatah-Momin Replybullet Posted: 30 October 2005 at 10:21pm

Siege of Constantinople
49 to 59 Hijra [669 to 679 CE]


In the year 48 hijra when the Byzantines emperor Constantine was murdered, it was Hz. Muawiyah [ra] turn to take advantage of the situation. He made rpeparations and organized a two pronged attack, one from the land and other from the sea. He got 1700 war ships constructed. Cyprus was already conquered. The other small Islands near Greece was conquered. Cyprus was used as the Naval base. With these preparations the muslims fleet started. There was no opposition when the Muslim fleet sailed through Dardanelles. Thus the muslims Laid siege of Constantinope, Hz Muawiyah[ra] sent another force by land under the commad or his son Yazid Bin Muawiyah. The siege lasted for more then seven years.

This was the first campaign by the Muslims to occupy Constantinople. The Prophet[saw] had given the good tiding of paradise who took part in the campaign. Abdullah Bin Zubair[ra], Abdullah Bin Abbas[ra], Hussain Bin Ali[ra], and other distinguished Muslims Joined the campaign under the banner of Yazid Bin Muawiyah.

" Th first amongst my followers who will invade Ceaser's city will be forgiven their sins."
[Sahi Al; Bukhari, Vol. I P. 109, Translation by Mohd. muhsin Khan]

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AhmadJoyia
 
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Quote AhmadJoyia Replybullet Posted: 31 October 2005 at 9:55am
Bro Fatah-Momin, your story is very interesting, though strange, and is visibly lack authentic references. The only reference provided is also a "projection over" the history and not from the history itself. Hence, at this time, doesn't seem to be a reliable account.
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Abeer23
 
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Quote Abeer23 Replybullet Posted: 31 October 2005 at 10:42am

Salaam brother, it's nice to have history summarized as it tends to be very long.  But I think some important events were left out (i.e the death/killing of the beloved grandson (r.a) of the prophet (s.a.w).

Al- Ismat is for the prophets.  All of the ashab were men, and to error is human.   Even though none of us like mentioning the mistakes of the ashab (r.a), history is history.  If we're going to tell it we may as well tell it as it happened.  It's just important to avoid bashing and slandering as this is haram.

Jazak allahu khairan for the post.

Salaam

 

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Fatah-Momin
 
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Quote Fatah-Momin Replybullet Posted: 31 October 2005 at 8:10pm
Hussain[ra] sent his cousin Muslim Bin Aqeel to kufa to ascertain the real position and secure support or him. Muslim on arrival in Kufa secretly started to take oath of allegiance on behalf if Hussain[ra]. In history this was the first occasion of taking oath secretly. In initial stage Muslim met with some success and he sent a signal to Hussain to proceed. Hussain[ra] accordingly left Makkah for Kufa on 8th of Zil-Hajj. About 60 person from Kufa and about 12 members of his family including ladies and children accompanied him.

When Muslim reached Kufa the Governor of Kufa was Nu'man Bin Baasheer. As he could not control the situation the Khallifah removed him and placed Ubaidullah Bin Ziad [right hand man of Hz. Ali(ra) who fought along side him in battle of Camel] Governor of Basra in additional charge. Ubaidullah Bin Ziad adopted stringent policy and arrested Hani Bin Urwah who was host to Muslim. When Muslim Bin Aqeel collected his supporters and tried to free Hani Bin Urwah, He was arrested and killed. Before he was killed Muslim requested Umar Bin saad to inform Hussain[ra] of actual situation and to advise him to return. The message was accordingly communicated to Hussain at Al Qar's. Hussain realizing the futility of proceeding to Kufa turned towards Damascus. The people of Kufa who were with him insisted he should proceed to Kufa butr he refused. Hussain[ra] reached Karbala, which is on the way to Damascus.

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AhmadJoyia
 
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Quote AhmadJoyia Replybullet Posted: 01 November 2005 at 7:34am

Bro Fatah-Momin, why would you disregard my request for providing any authentic reference to your source of history before you paste more here? Anyone can bring such material, if its authenticity is not a question. Don't you agree with me on this? Our interest is on reliable accounts and not mere stories. Thanks.

 

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Fatah-Momin
 
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Quote Fatah-Momin Replybullet Posted: 01 November 2005 at 5:56pm

Bro AhmadJoyia,

Why are you egar for the refrences, if you have any objection to any of the events that I have quoted here please present your proof and if possible I may be able to answer your objections to your satisfaction.

Let see if you believe this Hadith to be sahi or not?

" Th first amongst my followers who will invade Ceaser's city will be forgiven their sins."
[Sahi Al; Bukhari, Vol. I P. 109, Translation by Mohd. muhsin Khan]

If you do then you should know that Yazid Bin Muawiyah did lead the forces against Ceaser's city. If you think this is not a correct representation of events, please post your version of History.

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rami
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Quote rami Replybullet Posted: 01 November 2005 at 6:07pm
Bi ismillahir rahmanir raheem

what are the scholars understanding of the hadith.

I would also like a refrence for your information including the exact number of the hadith in sahih bukhari. the responsability is on you to provide the refrence for your information not on Br Ahmad to proove it wrong.


Edited by rami
Rasul Allah (sallah llahu alaihi wa sallam) said: "Whoever knows himself, knows his Lord" and whoever knows his Lord has been given His gnosis and nearness.
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