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|Topic: Al-Wala and Al-Bara in Islam (Part2)|
Joined: 29 June 2012
Location: United Kingdom
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| Topic: Al-Wala and Al-Bara in Islam (Part2)
Posted: 18 December 2012 at 2:58am
Compiled by Sheikh Dr. Saleh Al Fozan
Singns (indications) of ‘Moalat’ (Loving) the believers
1) Emigrating from the land of non-believers to the land of the believers to protect one’s religion. So emigration in this meaning and for this purpose will exist until the Last Day. The Prophet (peace be upon him) declared his freedom of obligations from every Muslim who lives (between the backs of disbelievers) in the land of disbelievers. So it is forbidden for any Muslim to live in the land of disbelievers unless he cannot emigrate from it or there are benefits from his living in the land of the disbelievers such as preaching for Islam. Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in the Holy Qur’an which the meaning of it is translated as: “Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them) they (angels) say to them ‘in what (condition) were you?’ They will reply, we were weak and oppressed on earth. They (angels) will say, ‘Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein? Such men will find their abode in Hell. What an evil destination! Except the weak ones among men, women and children who cannot devise a plan, nor are they able to direct their way.’” (4:97-98).
2) Helping the believers by wealth, lives and word for whatever they need in their life and religion. Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in the Holy Qur’an which the meaning of it is translated as: “The believers, men and women are ‘Auliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends and protectors) of one another…” (9:71). “…but if they seek you help in religion, it is your duty to help them except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance.” (8:72).
3) If they (believers) are hurt, you should feel hurt also and they are happy, you too should feel happy. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said “You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves, showing love among themselves, and being kind among themselves, resembling one body, so that if any part of the body is not well then the whole body share the sleeplessness and fever with it.” (Reported by Al Bukhari). He also said, “A believer to another believer is like a building whose different parts enforce each other.” The prophet (peace be upon him) then clasped his hands together with the fingers interlocked. (Reported by Al Bukhari).
4) Caring for them (the believers), looking for what is good for them and never cheat them. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “None of you will have complete faith unless he loves for his brothers (believers) what he loves for himself.” (Reported by Al Bukhari). “A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. He doesn’t oppress him nor abandon him to an oppressor nor does he look down upon him. It is sufficient sin for a man to look down upon his brother Muslim. Everything of a Muslim is sanctified for another Muslim, his blood, his honour and his property.” (Reported by Al Bukhari). “Do not hate one another, and do not be jealous of one another and do not sever ties with one another, and O Allah’s worshippers be brothers.” (Reported by Muslim).
5) Respect them (the believers) and do not disparage them. Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in the Holy Qur’an which the meaning of it is translated as: “O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor let some women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it to insult one’s brother after having Faith (i.e. to call a Muslim brother O sinner, O wicked etc). And whoever does not repent, then such are the ‘Zalimun’ (wrong-doer). O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion, indeed some suspicions are sin, and spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it. And fear Allah. Verily! Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful.” (49:11-12)
6) He should be with them (the believers) during their hardship and relief or during difficulties and comfort, not like the hypocrites who will b there during the relief or comfort times only but when the hardship comes and things get difficult for Muslims, they disappear. Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in the Holy Qur’an which the meaning of it is translated as: “Those (hypocrites) who wait and watch about you; if you gain a victory from Allah they say, ‘Were we not with you’ but if the disbelievers gain success they say, ‘ did we not gain mastery over you and did we not protect you from the believers….’” (4:141).
7) Visiting them (the believers) and loving to meet them and spending time with them. Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in Hadith Qudsi which the meaning of it is translated as: “My love is due for all those who love one another on account of Me, assemble together on account of Me, visit each other on account of Me and spend on each other on account of me.” (Reported by Malik).
8) Respecting their rights (of the believers), so he should not wrag somebody (in case of optional sale) to cancel a bargain the latter has already agreed upon with another seller so as to sell him his own goods. And if he buying he should not urge the seller to cancel a bargain already agreed upon with another buyer so as to buy the goods himself. Also the Prophet (peace be upon him) said that one should not demand to marry somebody who is already engaged to be married. “One should not urge somebody to return the goods to the seller so as to sell him his own goods, nor should one demand the hand of a girl who has already been engaged to someone else.” (Reported by Al Bukhari).
9) Being kind to the poor and weak of the believers. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Not from us whoever does not respect the elderly amongst us and have no mercy on the poor amongst us.” (Reported by Ahmed). He also said “You gain no victory or livelihood except through (the blessings and invocations) the poor amongst you.” (Reported by Al Bukhari). Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in the Holy Qur’an which the meaning of it is translated as: “And keep yourself (O Mohammed) patiently with those who call on their Lord (i.e. your companions who remember their Lord with glorification, praising in prayers, and other righteous deeds) morning and afternoon, seeking His face and let not your eyes overlook them, desiring the pomp and glitter of the life of the world.” (18:28).
10) Supplicating Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala for them (the believers) and seeking forgiveness for them. Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in the Holy Qur’an which the meaning if it is translated as: “…and seek forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of ) believing men and believing women.” (47:19). And He also commanded the believers to pray for each other by this verse which the meaning of it is translated as: “Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith.” (59:10). Note:- When Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in this verse which the meaning of it translated as: “Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Veritly, Allah loves who deal wih equity.” (60:8) It means if a disbeliever does not harm the Muslims and does not fight them or drive a Muslim out of his home, then Muslims should be kind to him (the disbeliever) in this life without loving him in the hearts. Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala also said in this verse about treating the parents if they are disbelievers which the meaning of it translated as: “But if they (both parents) strive with you to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not, but behave with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him who turns to Me in repentance and in obedience.” (31:15). So keeping relation with them is one thing and loving them is another. Also treating the non-believers good will attract their hearts to Islam and it is one way of Dawa (Preaching) but loving them in the hearts is agreeing with them in their religion and a way of accepting their way which is forbidden. Disliking non-believers does not mean we can have commerce with them but we can buy from them and import goods from them as long as the way we deal with them is halal (legal). Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in the Holy Qur’an which the meaning of it is translated as: “And those who disbelieve are allies to one another, (and) if you (Muslims) do not do so (become allies) there will be ‘Fitnah’ (wars, battles, polytheism etc) and oppression on earth, and a great mischief and corruption.” (8:73) Ibn Kathir said the meaning of this verse is that if Muslims do not hate non-believers and love Muslims, there will be a mixture between Muslims and non-believers which will cause a lot of sins to be committed.
Types of People Whom Their Love (Loyalty) is Obligatory
People in Al-Wala and Al-Bara are three of kinds :-
1) Those who should be loved completely without any hate. They are the genuine faithful believers such as the Prophets, the siddiqun (those followers of the Prophets who were the first to believe in them like Abu Bakr As Siddique), the martyrs and the righteous starting with Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) whose love is obligatory more than loving one’s self, sons, parents and the rest of mankind. Second, loving the wives of the Prophet (peace be upon him) the mothers of the believers, his companions especially the first four Caliphs (Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali), the rest of the ten (who were promised Paradise) and the rest of his companions and the followers from the great centuries and the four great Imams like Imam Ahmed, Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik and Al Shafi. Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in the Holy Qur’an which the meaning of it is translated as: “And those who came after them, say ‘Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith,a nd put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed Full of Kindness, Most Merciful.’” (59:10). And no one with faith in his heart hate the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him). But the hypocrites and the enemies of Islam such as Arrwafth (Shi’a) and Al Khawarig hate the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
2) Those who should be hated completely without love at all. Those are the non-believers, the hypocrites and the polytheists. Almighty Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala said in the Holy Qur’an which the meaning of it is translated as: “You (O Mohammed) will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger even though their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred.” (58:22).
3) Those who should be loved in one way and hated in another way. Those which love and hate are joined amongst them, they are the ones whom are Muslims but they committed major sins. So, they should be loved for their faith and hated for their sins they committed. Loving them requires advising them to be righteous and directing them to the right path. But if they committed a sin, we should advise them to quit and repent to Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala. Also it is forbidden to see them commit a sin without telling them to stop it but we should not hate them completely without any love because they committed a major sin, this is the way of Al Khawarig. Also, we should not love them completely without any hate like what Al Murjah say, we should be in the middle, loving them for their faith and hating them for their sins. This is the way of the Ahl Al Sunnah Wal Jama’ah. Loving in the sake of Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala and hating in the sake of Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala is one of the major handholds of Faith, and the person will be with the one he loves on the Last Day. Things have changed these days, people will love someone for little materials (money), if they can get advantage of the person, they love him but if he does not have anything then they hate him even if he is a very faithful person. Abdullah Ibn Abbas narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever loves in the sake of Allah, and hates in the sake of Allah, he will get the loyalty of Allah. Most of the people’s brotherhood exists because of little materials which will not return any good for them.” Abu Hurraira narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever hate (dislike, harm, fight) any one of my ‘Auliya’ (true believers), then I declare war against him.” (Reported by Al Bukhari). Disliking the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon hm) and becoming their enemy is the creed (belief) of some groups who went astray.
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Note: The 99 names of Allah avatars are courtesy of www.arthafez.com