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General Islamic Matter
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salimullah
 
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Quote salimullah Replybullet Topic: Concept Of God and Nature
    Posted: 03 August 2009 at 3:49am

CRITICAL OBSERVATION:

THE CONCEPT OF GOD AND NATURE

(Focus on Atheistic & Scientific Belief)

By

Salim I. Hassan (Salimullah)

Education Department, BUK.

salimanology@yahoo.com

blogwebsite: www.salimullah1.blogspot.com

Written on Sunday, 1st /08/2009

 

GOD: According to Islam and other relevant religion, they believe that God is the ultimate creator, sustainer, master and controller of this very infinite universe and the mankind as well. He is ever-existing before the creation and will remain after it. He can neither be seen nor be felt by any means; however, he is very nearer to us. All the natural phenomena and the activities of mankind evolve through his power and will. God controls natural elements, events and occurrences. He could withhold rain, cause drought or diseases. He provides the universal sustenance for the entire mankind. He gives life or death to whomever he wills. He causes all the natural events, disasters, and phenomena. It is therefore, God has an absolute and predominant power over the universe. And even the human actions (good & bad) were created and predetermined by God. While good actions are ordered and permitted to be strictly observed, bad ones are strongly prohibited and disallowed to be acted upon. And that is the purpose of the creation of Paradise for righteous doers, and Hellfire for evil doers. Islam in particular, believed that God created multitude humble servants who promptly carry out his executions and commands. These humble servants are known as the “Angels” and they are differently functioning.

Rightly indeed, this is the good belief of concept about God, rather than atheism – the idea of believing in nature. Many scientists are atheists – those who believe only in the concept of nature rather than God. Naturalism is another view in philosophy that believe that all things happen in this hold and life are based on natural causes and laws, and not on spiritual or supernatural ones. Both of them deny the existence of a super-natural being call God. It was on this concept that the Western scientists built their theories of scientific natural laws and causalities. In their scientific laws, they state that whatever cannot be seen either by naked eyes or microscope, and cannot be felt by stark hand or through the skin, such thing do not exist at all. But, they believed in nature and it too, cannot be seen or felt by any means. Their belief in nature has neither any dogmatic basis nor scientific corroboration. It is just a mere speculation and assumption. And as usual, anything assumed is likely to be false knowledge.

 

Since we have gone through a pure belief let us go directly inside the question of ‘Nature’ from its distinct phase of science and atheism. And ultimately we may come to desperately compare and contrast in order to arrive at a pure, perfect and true belief.

 

NATURE AS A SCIENTIFIC BELIEF

When the religious believers especially Muslims believe in the oneness of God being the ultimate essence of creation; they believe in His sovereignty over the universe and the mankind and his unique control over them, some scientists, naturalists, and atheists held entirely different belief. For instance, Naturalism in philosophy is an idea which surmises that all things happen in the world are based on natural causes and laws, and not on spiritual or super-natural one. They mean that God does not exist at all. Atheism also, is another western idea which says no God. Most of the western scientists are largely atheists or naturalists.

 

Scientifically, nature is the way that all things happen in the physical world when they cannot be controlled by human act. This definition is indeed an absolute true; because only God (ALLAH) can control natural events and happenings.  Naturalist scientists believe that nature causes rain through evaporation, plant growth through germination, reproduction through intercourse and fertilization, and many several others of natural occurrences are happening according to the laws of nature. But remember in their law they mention that anything invisible, insensitive or cannot be known through one of the human senses does not exist at all. And now they are telling us that they believe in the fact that nature controls the universe and mankind through its natural laws and causalities. And at the same time nature too, is invisible and cannot be felt or known by any empirically scientific process. Presumably, let us assume that natural laws of causalities control the universe. So then who is directing and administering such natural laws? There must be a super-natural being and that must be ALLAH – the Most High. As they say, what empirical science cannot establish its reality does not exist at all. Thus, they destroy the existence of ALLAH describing it as an illusionary belief. Going by this way, we may ask: which among the scientific empirical researches establish the absolute descriptive image and concept of nature? None at all. Until this time, no any empirical scientific study that tells us about the depiction of ‘Nature’: is it a living or non-living? What colour and what size of it? Where is it residing? Have they ever see or feel it empirically? They are only imagining about it. Just ask them a general question: what are the characteristics of nature? They could never answer you only to fumble about.  The fact that ALLAH cannot be empirically studied, known, or described, the same thing apply when it comes to the issue of nature. So, then who is God and who is nature. I think it is one thing with different name. Hence, whenever naturalist scientists mention nature they must either directly or indirectly refer to God (ALLAH). The irrational antagonism towards religion hinders them from upholding the truth. My beloved brothers in true faith, wherever you meet such corrupt scientists and atheists let them answer the above heavy fundamental questions.

 

GOD AND NATURE: COMPARE AND CONTRAST

ALLAH is the only real and absolute God, and nature is true. From one angle of perspective, we can say that nature is a God’s creation just as the world and other creatures. Going by this understanding, we may assume that Nature is a creation of God and it entails the mean or tool through which His power (Qudrah) and will (Iradah) are exerted upon the activities of the universe and mankind in general. An example of this view is that: it is natural that man must fall hunger and naturally must take in nourishment. And it is natural that plant needs water to grow and naturally the sky must produce rain at certain season. That is to say all things happening through the natural laws as designated and directed by ALLAH.  In another view, we may assume that ALLAH is the real God and nature is His power and will (Qudrah/Iradah) as he impacts it upon the creatures including the universe. Verse quotes. Thus, according to this view, nature is an attribute of God.  The fact that nature is the way in which things happen in the world when it is beyond human intervention does not mean the absence of controller or administrator. Indeed there is and that is ALLAH – the Most High.

 

Comparatively, the modern world has developed the technology of automation in various machines and computers. Compare it with the definition of nature, for instance to say: automation is the way in which technological products carry out activities in the absence of human control. Is that means the lack of controller at all? No and never, indeed there is an absolute controller who is also the inventor of such machine and the designer of its automation process, and it is the honorable man. In fact, it is the man (the creator of the machine) that equips it with the ability of automation; that the machine must follow the natural technological laws as designed by its inventor – the man. And at the same time, if the inventor is so wish, he can disqualify it from such ability of automation. Desperately, we may assume that the same thing apply to the activities of God in the universe despite of its far cry from that; because the activities of God,  when he wills one, makes no difference between the divine will and the happening effect of the event or occurrence. According to Qur’an: “truly, nowise the nature of God but when He intend to do things simply say it to ‘Be’ and ‘it is’. (Qur’an, Ch. 36 v82). Also, in another passage: “When he decreeth a matter he saith to it ‘Be’ and ‘it is’. (Qur’an, Ch. 2 V118). Additionally, in other passage:

Indeed, the above quoted verses illustrate the automatic happenings in the natural world as it is ordered and directed by ALLAH. The fact that between the God’s will and His impacted power upon things to happen is however, makes no difference of time or distance. In fact, all the happening in the natural world have been decreed and fated from eternity.

 

Finally, remember that the power and will of God, known as nature by scientists, are virtually exerted upon everything: living and non-living, human and non-human, natural and artificial.  So, then what is wrong to bother yourself with those atheists. They are indeed ignorant of true knowledge. Hence, to think that nature is the ultimate bases of creation and the final governor of world natural happenings in the absence of ALLAH is a typical Kufr (infidelity) and a prevarication from truth of not only religion but also the scientific and logical bases of knowledge. With this short observation also, the Darwin’s heretical and illogical theory that all the creations come to be as a result of eternal natural selection must have become defeated.         

 

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