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Message Icon Topic: WHAT IS KUFR?????(Topic Closed Topic Closed) Post Reply Post New Topic
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Walid
 
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bullet Posted: 28 February 2008 at 2:03am
masha Allah. Good post. Jazakallahu khairan bro
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hat2010
 
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bullet Posted: 28 February 2008 at 2:31am
Salaam Minuteman,
As usual, your questions are insightful and heartful.  Thanks for that, bro.

Well, since it is clear to most posters that just about everybody who is not Muslim is a kafir...and that plenty of wonderful people aren't Muslim or care to be (even after visiting Islamicity)...I guess the next question might be:  Who cares if one is a kafir?

So.  Some chap who can't even read the Quran in Arabic manages to perform the Ashadoo and subsequent pillars (and the ever popular beard, when you really can't figure out anything else to do) and somehow, this well-meaning brother has some premium seat over some non-Muslim (kafir) who has mobilized their fortunes, strength, love and willpower to making a just society, a literate society a 'fed' society.

Notice I did not pose the problem in snarky rhetorical fashion just to have a wave of responses affirming the former's place in heaven and the other drinking brackish liquid for eternity.  

Before you pile on, here's a prayer I feel doesn't lose much in translation to English.  (from memory, surah 107 al maun)

bismillah

Do you see the lies about religion?
It's the one who rejects the orphan
and doesn't give food to the poor.
(woe) Those who Pray!
Those with empty prayers
Those "to be seen!"
And giving nothing of what is needed.

sadaq Allah moulana aDeem





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Truth_light24
 
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bullet Posted: 28 February 2008 at 6:36am

Islam does not distinguish between an Arab or non-Arab as the prophet said :

“We are all equal as the teeth of a comb. An Arab is no better than a non-Arab, the white over the black, men over women but the noblest one in the Eye of Allah is the pious one”.  

So Islam belongs to those who believe in it, adhere to what Allah’s command and abstain to what He forbids. He can either read the Arabic text or not, or speak the language or not, what important is he believes in the Oneness of Allah by practicing the 5 Pillars of Islam and sincerely believe in the 6 Articles of Faith. It is an individual choice, to elect to become a Muslim or not for he himself will carry the burden of his acts.

The acts of Shirk and kufr nullifies all the good deeds that we do because it is a gross injustice to Allah. And if we die in that state, Allah will ban us from Jannah and will throw us to the Hellfire forever. As what He (Allah) said in the Quran:

“ Where they to commit shirk, then the good deeds, which they accomplished would have been nullified” Quran 6:88

“Surely, they have disbelieved who say: "Allah is the Messiah ['Isa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary)." But the Messiah ['Isa (Jesus)] said: "O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode . And for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong­doers) there are no helpers.Quran 5:72

And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear (on themselves) a calumny and a glaring sin. Quran33:59
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seekshidayath
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bullet Posted: 29 February 2008 at 3:00am

As'Salamu Alaikum,

Sometimes we believers do commit kufr. Here are the notes which explain us the term kufr, its characteristics ---- Hope we shall all learn from it.

Kufr and its characteristics:


For the Believers there are certain essential beliefs and practices, the source of which have been established with absolute certainty (Tawaatur ) the certainty of such beliefs and practices is of such an absolute degree that there does not admit the slightest doubt. These beliefs and practices are called Dhurooriyaati Deen. Belief in all of them is Fardh (Obligatory), denial of any of them amounts to Kufr (Rejection) even if  is a Mustahaab act such as using Miswaak. Although Miswaak is a Sunnah and not Fardh, to deny that is part of Deen, that is, deny the Sunnah is Kufr.

The Dhurooriyaati Deen (Essentials of the Deen consist of Ahkaam (Laws and rules) covering all aspects of life and all categories. What is Fard (Obligatory) what is Waajib (Absolutely necessary) Haraam (What is unlawful), Halaal (What is Lawful) Mubah (That which is   merely permissible to do), Mustahaab (that which is praiseworthy but not mandatory to do) etc. About the Essentials of the Deen we should understand that: 

1. It is Fardh to believe in every belief and practice that constitutes an Essential of the Deen even if such practices are Sunnah, Mustahaab, and Nafl etc.

2. Denial of any of the essentials of Deen. practices or beliefs is Kufr.

3. Neglecting or discarding any Fardh, Waajib or Sunnatul Muakkada is not Kufr if one still believes them to be correct and accepts them as essential. This person becomes a Fasiq (One who knowingly transgresses the Limits Allahu ta ‘ala has placed upon Mankind or neglects the Ibaadah). Such a person, though not a Kaafir, may be punished by Allahu ta ala for his transgressions if he doesn’t repent before dying.

4. Omission of a Mustahaab act is not sinful provided one believes it to be Mustahaab.

The Four Types of Kufr


There are basically four kinds of Kufr and anyone guilty of any of these types of kufr is described as a Kaafir in terms of Shari’ah. They are:

1.         Kufr Jahl

2.         Kufr Juhood

3.         Kufr Shakk

4.         Kufr Ta’weel.

Kufr Jahl:


Kufr Jahl means kufr occasioned by Ignorance. Islam or the true teachings of Islam are denied on the basis of Ignorance. The rejecter believes that Islam is false. This was the type of kufr of Abu Jahl and his compatriots.

Evidence: Suratul Maida 107

And when it is said to them: Come to what has been sent down from Allah to the Rasul. they say: Enough for us is the ways of our fathers. What! Even though their fathers were totally devoid of knowledge and guidance?

Kufr Juhood:


Kufr Juhood means deliberate kufr. The denial of Islam or its teachings done deliberately in spite of realizing its truth. This is the type of kufr of Ahli Kitaab (Jews and Christians) and Shaytaan may Allahu ta ala curse him. About this type of kufr we find a clear description in Holy Quran Suratul Baqara 89 ayah wherein Allahu ta ala says:

“And when a Book came to them from Allah, confirming what was with them, and they previously prayed for help to overcome the unbelievers, when what they recognized came to them, they disbelieved in it (Became Kuffar); and the Curse of Allah is on the Kafireen.

Al Imaam Tabari Rahmatullah alaihi reports in his Tafsir ‘Jami’ al bayaan ‘an Ta’weel ay Al Quran” that Hazrat Ibn Abbas Rathiallahu anhu says about this ayat (whose source is Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim):

The Jews used to pray for the help of Muhammad Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, before he was sent, to overcome the Aus and Khazraj. But when Allahu ta ala sent him from among the Arabs. they disbelieved in him and disclaimed what they had been saying about him. Then Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal and Bishr ibn al Baraa lbn Marur Rathiallahu ta ‘ala anhum ajmain, one of Banu Salma (Tribe) said to them: “0 community of Jews, fear Allah and embrace Islam. You used to pray for Muhammad’s (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) help to overcome us when we were polytheists and tell us that he would be sent, and you described him to us.” Then Salaam ibn Mishkam, one of the Banu An Nadeer. (one of the Jews) said:  “He brought us nothing we recognize and he is not the one we used to mention to you.” So Allah sent down about what they said. “And when a book came to them from Allah, confirming what was with them, and they previously prayed for help to overcome the unbelievers, when what they recognized came to them, the disbelieved (Committed Kufr) in it; and the Curse of Allah is on the Kafireen.

About the Kufr of the Christians, their kufr is deliberate as they are mentioned in Suratul A’raaf ayah 157 wherein Allahu ta ala says:

“Those who follow the Rasulun Nabiyy the Ummi who they find mentioned in their Books, the Taurah and Injeel: For he Commands to what is Correct and Prohibits corruption ( evil ); he allows them what is Halaal and Tayyib and prohibits them the Khabaaith the bad and impure ); he releases them from the yoke that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him (Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) and honour him and help him and follow the noor sent down with him, they are the Muflihoon (Successful).

Kufr Shakk:


Kufr Shakk is kufr occasioned by doubting the truthfulness of Islam and because of their doubts they reject Islam and thereby are Kuffar considered Kuffar. About this group of Kuffar Allahu ta ala says In Suratul Baqara ayah 23:

And if you are in doubt (Rayb) with what we have sent down to our Servant, then produce a Surah similar to it, and call your witnesses apart from Allah, if you are sadiqeen. (truthful in speech)

In the Tafsir of Al Imam Tabari we read:

“if you o polytheist Arabs. and the unbelievers among the people of the scripture are in doubt about the light, the clear demonstration, and the verses of Furqaan which We have sent down to Our Servant Muhammad (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim). that it is from Me, that It is I who have sent it down to him, them produce a proof that will refute his proof. For you know that everyone who has Prophethood proves the truth of his claim to it by producing a demonstration, the like of which no creature is able to produce.”

In the very next ayah Allahu ta ‘ala tells the doubters that they 9 will not be able to produce a Surah the like of which they doubted had come down to Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim from Allahu ta ala. Their inability to produce a Surah even with all their helpers manifest the truth of the Holy Last Nabi Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim. Allahu ta ‘ala further announces the punishment to face them by saying:

And if you do not, and you never will, then fear the fire whose fuel is men and stone, prepared for the Kafireen.

Kufr Ta’weel:


Kufr Ta’weel is kufr by way of interpretation. The kufr is not done through outright rejection of Islamic principles or beliefs, it is done by distorting or giving a meaning other than that which the established meaning giving to it by Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim. Qur’anic ayaah and Ahadith are given meanings which conflict with the true and original meaning as explained by Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim. For this reason we are not allowed to give out our own opinion or understanding of Ayaah of Holy Qur’an and Hadith. By means of Ta’weel, many who were born Muslim or who have converted to Islam have become Kuffar. In Mishkaat Shareef we read:

Ibn Abbas Rathiallahu anhu reported that Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim said: Whoever interprets the Qur’an according to his opinion (Ra’yah)? let him seek his abode in the fire.” (Tirmidhi)

Further Allahu ta ‘ala says about Kufr Ta’weel, Suratul Ali ‘Imraan 7 ayaah;

He is the One who sent down to you the book. In it are ayaah muhkamaatun (With a clear established meaning), they are Ummul Kitaab (mother of the book), and others are allegorical (mutashaabihah). But those who have perverted hearts follow the allegorical seeking to cause fitna and seeking it’s hidden meaning Ta’weel ) and none knows the Ta’weel except Allah. And those who are really knowledgeable say: “We believe in it. all of it is from our Rabb; and none mind except men of understanding.

Further proof of the incorrectness of Ta’weel of Quran based upon 10 personal opinion (Ta’weel Bir Ray) is the well known ahadith in the Sahih of Imaam Muslim “Kitaab ul ‘Ilm wherein Hazrat Ummmahaatul Mu’mineen Hazrat Aisha Siddiqah Rathiallahu anha reported that Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihi we sallim recited the above mentioned ayaah and commenting on it said that when you see those who go by the figurative (mutashaabihah) know that they have gone astray and avoid them.



Edited by seekshidayath
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “All the descendants of Adam are sinners, and the best of sinners are those who repent."
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seekshidayath
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bullet Posted: 29 February 2008 at 3:11am

Types of Kuffar:

As we have attempted to prove with decisive proof, every person who is not a Muslim or mu’min is described in Shari’ah as a Kaafir, every one of them. There are several types of Kuffar:

1. The Munafiq who verbally attests with the tongue (Iqraaru Bil Lisaan) but not with the heart (Tasdiq Bil Qalb). Both must be present in a person to qualify as a Muslim or believer.

2. The Murtadh (Apostate or Renegade) is the person who after accepting Islam renounces his acceptance because of doubt, etc.

3. The Mushrik who associates something else as a partner with Allahu ta ‘ala or believes that other things have power and ability independent of Allahu ta ‘ala.

4. The Kitaabi, who follows a previously revealed book which Islam abrogates such as the Christians and the Jews. (see Kufr Juhood).

5. The Dahriyyah are those who believe in the eternity of time and attribute the creation to time. These are those who believe in dialectical materialism (Marxist—Leninists), as well as those who subscribe to the big bang theory of the universe and the origin of the species as propounded by Charles Darwin.

6. The Muattil is the one who outright denies the existence of Allahu ta ‘ala otherwise known as the atheist.

7. The Zindeeq is the person who acknowledges the Prophethood of Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim and proclaims belief in all the principles and beliefs of Islam nonetheless hold beliefs which are unanimously branded as kufr in the Shari’ah. A Zindeeq would be the individual who though claiming to believe in Paradise and Hell believe these to simply be spiritual states of existence and not a physical reality on the day of Judgement.

Acts which nullify Iman:
Certain acts nullify Imaan just as water quenches fire. We should be very careful about doing or uttering anything which is beyond our knowledge as well as refrain from giving any interpretations of Holy Qur’an and Hadith not based on sound Tafsir. Below we list a few people who by their wrong beliefs or actions fall into the category of Kaafir. (see “The 4 types of kufr)

1. A person who believes in a Nabi ( Prophet ) after Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, thereby rejecting Khaatamun Nabuwaat (Finality of Prophethood ) of The Holy Last Messenger, Prophet Muhammad Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim.

2. One who believes that anyone from among men or jinn be they an Angel or a Prophet with message, is equal or superior to Rasulullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim.

3. One who believes that the Office of Prophethood can be acquired by disciplining and purifying the animal desires (Taskiyat wa Tasfiyat tun Naf s).

4. One who claims he has received Wahi (Divine Revelation) even if he doesn’t claim to be a prophet. (Not to be confused with Ilhaam i.e. pure inspired thoughts from Allahu ta ‘ala as some Auliyah receive).

5. One who denies the Miracles of the Prophets outright or by way of interpretation (Ta’wil).

6. One who refuses to believe that followers of other religions are Kuffar even though Allahu ta clearly states this. (Ali ‘Imraan (3) 85 Ayaah)

7. One who claims that the Khulafaahir Rashideen are Kaafir or Murtadh (renegades) are themselves Kaafir.

8. One who shows reverence to other religious practices, by the wearing of their religious symbols (cross, ankh etc.) or by sharing in their customs (Christmas, kwanza etc.)?

9. One who expresses satisfaction of any statement of .Kufr or considers anything of the Kuffar to be superior to that ordered by Allahu ta ‘ala.

10. One who utters kufr even in jest unless under compulsion of necessity (torture etc.).

11. One who slanders any of the Prophets or Messengers or claims that they committed sins.

12. One who makes Halaal Haraam or makes Haraam Halaal.

13. One who denies that Allahu ta ‘ala is as He has described Himself through his Names and Qualities (Asmaa was Sifaat).

14. One who finds fault, or makes light of any teaching of Islam.

15. One who claims a belief in the Unity of Religions, that is, that all of them are true and leading to Allahu ta ala and are just different ways leading the One. 

Conclusion:

Finally, The gist of the matter is that all forms of transgression and disobedience are types of kufr implying ingratitude, because gratitude requires compliance and obedience. Therefore, human endeavor could be manifest in gratitude, or in kufr, or in something other than the two. Only Allah knows what is in the heart of everyone


We pray that Allahu ta ala grants us all the fruit of true Imaan and allow us to remain amongst those who are truly Ahli Sunnah Wal Jamaat.

Our Rabb Do Not cause our hearts to deviate after you have guided us aright and grant us Rahmat, Indeed you are the Most liberal Giver [Ale Imran Ayah 7 ]




Edited by seekshidayath
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “All the descendants of Adam are sinners, and the best of sinners are those who repent."
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bullet Posted: 29 February 2008 at 4:34am

 

 These are man made ideas or extracts from the man made books. The scholars or some persons feel that it is so. Kufr needs some intentional bad activity against islam. A kafir is a definite non believer in Islam. He may be a passive or active non believer. A passive non believer does not harm any one.

 If the word Kafir or kufr is taken very lightly as a smple minor thing then what is quoted above by Seeks can be true. But it is not so. Kufr is a very serious thing. According to Seeks, any one who does not believe that Miswaak is essential is also a Kaafir. If this principle is followed then we will have many kaafirs around us, almost all the Ummah will be some kind of kaafir.

Seeks had the following too:

 6. One who refuses to believe that followers of other religions are Kuffar even though Allahu ta clearly states this. (Ali ‘Imraan (3) 85 Ayaah)

 I have examined the verse 3:85. There is nothing about Kufr there and no word of Kufr is there. That verse only states that if any one will present (or adopt) any religion other than Islam, it will not be acceptable to Allah.

 I am posting that enmity (intentional enmity) against Islam is essential for Kufr. If there is no such enmity and activity against Islam then there is no Kufr. That is, willing disregard of Islam and disbelief and opposition to Islam to up root it, That is Kufr.

 But the friends here have got many small kinds of Kufr too. So well with them.

If any one is bad some one must suffer
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Truth_light24
 
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bullet Posted: 29 February 2008 at 4:55am
Mashallah sis Seekshidayath..Thats a great post

May Allah increase us all more with knowledge and eeman....ameen

And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear (on themselves) a calumny and a glaring sin. Quran33:59
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bullet Posted: 29 February 2008 at 8:39pm
Originally posted by Truth_light24

Mashallah sis Seekshidayath..Thats a great post

May Allah increase us all more with knowledge and eeman....ameen



Bro, that seems to be a solid Dua'a.... as long as seeks cut-n-paste buttons hold up under all that knowledge increasing and www.ummah.net stays on line for the spirito-ideological fleecing.

Before feigning at some understanding of what an enemy of "Islam" is, I suggest reading just one ayat before 3:85.*  Jam's tip:  Allow a bit of beginner's mind here;  humility, the possible wrong turn, a discovery at one's possible misstep - that maybe the capital "I" "ISLAM" that then follows in 3:85 is not even close what today's posters are referring to.


*that would be 3:84. "We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Isma`il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and in (the Books) given to Moses, Jesus, and the Prophets, from their Lord; we make no distinction between one and another among them, and to Allah do we bow our will" (Y. Ali's translation, for starters)


Edited by Jamal Morelli
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