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 IslamiCity Forum - Islamic Discussion Forum : Regional : Africa
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sulooni
 
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Quote sulooni Replybullet Topic: How ISLAM spread in Africa:
    Posted: 10 October 2007 at 11:35am
does anyone have information about how islam spread throughout africa and about the revolutions of west africa?


www.insight-info.com/forum





Edited by sulooni
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usama
 
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Quote usama Replybullet Posted: 25 October 2007 at 8:24am

Those are two different thesis papers waiting to be written.

If one simply looks at Africa as a land mass, then it could be said that Islam first arrived in Africa peacefully when the first Muslim refugees sought refuge in Abyssinia from Makkan oppression.

The first diplomatic contact between the Prophet (saaw) as a ruler and the Egyptian ruler occurred after the treaty of Hudaibiyah.  However, apparently Egypt then was still a province of the Roman empire, and therefore the Roman response to diplomacy shaped the Muslim relations with Egypt. Since Roman emperior Heraclius chose to side with the Ghassani Christian king who killed the Muslim emissary and arbitrarily declared war on the Islamic state, then Egypt too was cast as a subordinate province of Rome and was at war with the Islamic state.

In contrast, the Abyssinian Christian kingdom never sided with the Romans, allowing for it to sign a peace pact with the Islamic state which lasted for centuries.

Eventually, as the Muslim armies under khalif Umar (rah) defeated the Persians and then the Romans, Egypt was liberated. And since most of north Africa had Roman ties, alliances, or connections (even only loosely) and they failed to distinguish themselves from Rome's treachery, they too were at war with the Islamic state. 

After the liberation of North Africa, trade spread Islam throughout the Pan Sahel, East Africa, and into West Africa. Sometimes it was slave trade, but most trade was normal goods, textiles, minerals, dyes, etc.

In natural business relations, Muslims carried da`wah. And the leaders of the Muslims, the khulafa and wulaa, intentionally sought and encouraged Muslim businessmen of excellent character to advance trade with new regions as dawah carriers. This is documented. 

 

And Allah knows best..... 

 

    

Let there arise from amongst you a group inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and they are the successful ones. Al Imran:104
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Akhe Abdullah
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Quote Akhe Abdullah Replybullet Posted: 21 November 2008 at 4:36pm
As salaamulaikum Brothers and Sisters. How about there has always been Islam in Africa since Prophet Adam (AS)The Holy Quran says that we were all born in a state of submission in the womb and our parents made us Christians Judaism ect
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Quote believer Replybullet Posted: 24 November 2008 at 6:57am
John 3
16"For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.
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Quote Akhe Abdullah Replybullet Posted: 24 November 2008 at 7:46am
Surah(Al Ikhlas) ayat 1-4 Bismillah AR Rahman AR Rahim                 Say He is Allah, The One and Only;Allah,the Eternal,Absolute;He begetteth not Nor is He begotten;And there is none like unto Him.
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hat2010
 
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Quote hat2010 Replybullet Posted: 25 January 2009 at 10:59am
Here's a blurb from a fantastic and informative site (as usual!) from the BBC - in fact, you almost surely find more high quality work on West African Islamic expansion in your local ibraries!

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/specials/1624_story_of_africa/page62.shtml



Islam


"The Mohammedan Negro has felt nothing of the withering power of caste. There is nothing in his colour or race to debar him from the highest privileges, social or political, to which any other Muslim can attain." - Edward W. Blyden, Liberian writer and thinker.

According to Arab oral tradition, Islam first came to Africa with Muslim refugees fleeing persecution in the Arab peninsula. This was followed by a military invasion, some seven years after the death of the prophet Mohammed in 639, under the command of the Muslim Arab General, Amr ibn al-Asi. It quickly spread West from Alexandria in North Africa (the Maghreb), reducing the Christians to pockets in Egypt, Nubia and Ethiopia.

Islam came to root along the East African coast some time in the 8th century, as part of a continuing dialogue between the people on the East coast and traders from the Persian Gulf and Oman. Like early Christianity, Islam was monotheistic, that is, Muslims worship only one God.

Islam was a modernising influence, imposing a consistent order among different societies, strengthening powers of government and breaking down ethnic loyalties.

Unlike Christianity, Islam tolerated traditional values, allowing a man to have more than one wife. For many, this made conversion to Islam easier and less upsetting than conversion to Christianity.

In the early centuries of its existence, Islam in Africa had a dynamic and turbulent history, with reforming movements and dynasties clashing and succeeding each other. Gaining power depended on securing trade routes into gold-producing areas in Sub-Saharan Africa. Islamic rulers expanded north as well as south. In the last quarter of the 11th century, Islam dominated the Mediterranean world.

In the 14th century the Black Death came from Europe and seriously undermined the social and economic life of North Africa, or the Maghreb, as it is known. However, Islam remained the dominant religion.

From the 16th to the 19th century, much of the Maghreb was under Ottoman rule. By the 1880s, Islam had taken root in one third of the continent.
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salim2192
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Quote salim2192 Replybullet Posted: 22 August 2009 at 4:30am
Asalamu Alaikum.Brother,it all started in my home country Ethiopia, when [B]Prophet Muhammad (صلى ألله عليه وسلم)[/B] sent his followers there.King Nejashi welcomed them very much in Negash.When Quraish heard that,they thought  9 x about the trade and what the migration would increase in Islamic Dawah & growth.So, they tried to eradicate it by sending Amr & Abdullah , 2 evil and strong messengers to [I]Nejashi.[/I]At this point,Jafar (RA) told [I]Nejashi [/I]about [COLOR=#999999][B]Islam[/B],
[DIV][COLOR=#000000]the solution for humanity.As time passed,many Islamic kingdoms spread in many countries including Ethiopia,for when Nejashi heard this,he cried and tears flowed out of his eyes.Let us take the Ethiopian Walasma dynasty of Ifat (1258-1415) and the dynasty of Amirs (1415-1800s) the Walasma of which existed for 235 years.It was started by Caliph Umar Walasma,then his son Baziyu and grandson Haqqadin extended the kingdom.During the reign of Abu Bakr Walasma,the very great grandson of Umar and the 26th Caliph of Ifat,the capital was transferred to the Great Walled city of Harar,500-550 km (exactly 523 km) away from Addis Ababa.In 1415, the last Caliph of Ifat,Fahruddin was expelled from the throne.[/COLOR][/DIV]
[DIV][COLOR=#000000]The 2nd  dynasty had 72 amirs who ruled Ethiopia (Old Ifat) for about 400 years or less with Harar as their capital,while the Walasma had 27 rulers for a span of 235 years.As for Morocco and West Africa, please refer to "The Muslim World",a program about Muslim countries on Huda tv,if you can acces it on  Atlantic Bird 2 and other satellites. For more, please go to [URL=http://www.huda.tv]www.huda.tv[/URL]  and watch Huda tv live streaming, or if you have it,watch the Morocco or West African countries' episodes.Wassalamu Alaikum.[/Chttp://www.islamicity.com/forum/smileys/smiley10.gifOLOR][/DIV][/FONT] [IMG]smileys/smiley10.gif" align="middle" />

Edited by salim2192 - 29 August 2009 at 2:24am
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Akhe Abdullah
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Quote Akhe Abdullah Replybullet Posted: 05 September 2009 at 9:25pm
Salams,Salaim2192.Welcome to the forum.Is'nt Bilal (RA)from Ethiopia?Ive read reports that its the second most important countries in Islam.Ramadan Mubarak.
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