Supplication: Collective supplication. [Ijtemaee Dua']

Q626 :Is it the practice in mosques in certain parts of the Muslim world that the imam offers supplication after he has finished the prayers and the congregation answer with 'Amen.' Is this supported by Sunnah?


A626 : It is true that this practice is quite common in many parts of the Muslim world. We have no authentic report that the Prophet ever did this after having finished congregational prayer. He certainly finished prayer with glorification of Allah and praising Him, but he did that privately and he instructed his companions to do likewise. The best time to supplicate is after one finishes tashahhud and just before finishing prayer altogether. If he says a couple of short supplications at that time, then he follows the Sunnah. He may lengthen that supplication as much as he wishes, if he is praying alone. However, supplication by the imam during the prayer, with the congregation confirming the supplication with the word 'Amen', which means 'Answer our prayer, our Lord,' is acceptable. This form is known as 'qunoot.' The Prophet did that in witr prayer and in other prayers in times of urgent need facing the Muslim community or when some of its members or the whole community were in distress. Therefore, qunoot in witr is a Sunnah, while it is recommended in times of distress. [Added: Allah has directed in Qur'an - Surah "The Heights" whose translation in English may be rendered as:"Call upon your Lord humbly and in secret. Lo! He loveth not the transgressors" (7:55) and again "And do thou (O Muhammad) remember thy Lord within thyself humbly and with awe, below thy breath, at morn and evening. And be thou not neglectful."(7:205) Thus Allah directs secret supplication.]


Our Dialogue ( Source : Arab News - Jeddah )