Iddat :(Waiting period): When movement becomes necessary

Q266 :Iddat :(Waiting period): When movement becomes necessary


A266 : A woman observes her waiting period, whether after divorce or after the death of her husband, in the family home. She may not move to another house, and her husband (if she is a divorcee) may not turn her out. If the divorce takes place when she is out, she must return to the family home as soon as she learns of her divorce. This is clear in the first verse of the surah entitled ' Divorce," which may be rendered in translation as follows: " Fear Allah, your Lord, and do not turn them out of their homes and they may not move out unless they commit a clear and gross indecency. Such are the bounds set of Allah : Whoever transgresses Allah's bounds causes injury to himself "." According to the Hanafi school of thought, a divorcee who is observing her waiting period may not go out of her home either during the day or during the night. A widow in her waiting period may go out during the day but she must stay the night in her home. The difference between the two is that a divorcee is entitled to maintenance from her husband. She does not need to go about in order to sort out her affairs, while a widow has no maintenance to expect. If a widow's portion of the family home is not sufficient for her living, or if other heirs do not allow her to use their portions, she may seek some other accommodations. To stay in her home during her waiting period is part of the worship of a widow. If there are reasons which make it impossible for her to observe that worship, she becomes exempt from it. A good reason for that is her inability to pay the rent required of her in a family home, if any. The Hanafi school of thought, however, considers it permissible for any woman in her waiting period, whether she is a divorcee or a widow, to go out during the day. Jabir, a companion of the Prophet, mentions that his aunt was divorced three times. She went out to cut her date trees but a man told her to stay at home. She went to the Prophet and asked him. He said : " You may go out and cut your dates. You may give some of it for charity and you may do some good action. " (related in An-Nassa'ie and Abu Dawood). Another report suggests that a number of women, who lost their husbands in the battle of Uhud, came to the prophet and said : " Messenger of Allah, we feel very lonely at night. Can we stay in the home of one of us, and in the morning, each one goes to her home?" The Prophet answered : " You may meet in the home of any one of you for conversation, and when it is time for you to got to sleep, let each one of you go to their home.". This means that a woman observing the waiting period must spend the night in her home. She may not go out except in an emergency, but she may go out during the day to attend to her affairs.


Our Dialogue ( Source : Arab News - Jeddah )