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July 6, 2015 | Ramadan 19, 1436
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IslamiCity > Articles > Dietary fat, blood cholesterol and uric acid levels during Ramadan fasting
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A review of research articles on Ramadan fasting indicated that fasting can serve as an excellent research model for metabolic and behavioral studies.

Dietary fat, blood cholesterol and uric acid levels during Ramadan fasting
6/14/2014 - Education - Article Ref: RR0210-1774
Number of comments: 2
Opinion Summary: Agree:  Disagree:  Neutral:
By: M. Z. A. Nomani
Intl. Journal of Ramadan Fasting Research* -

(1) Muazzam MG, Khaleque JA. Effect of fasting in Ramadan. The Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 62:292-294, 1959.

(2) Iraki L, Bogdam A, Hakkou F, Amrani N, Abkari A, Touitou Y. Ramadan diet restrictions modify the circadian time structure in humans. A study on plasma gastrin, insulin, glucose, and calcium and on gastric pH. Journal of Clinical Endocrinolgy and Metabolism. 82:1261-73, 1997.

(3) Ayabak, M., A. Turkoglu, A. Sermet and O. Denli. Effect of Ramadan fasting on platelet aggregation in healthy male subjects. The European Journal of Applied Physiology, 73:552-556, 1996. 

(4) Husain R., Cheah SH, Duncan MT. Cardiovascular reactivity in Malay Moslems during Ramadan. Singapore Medical Journal. 37:398-401, 1996.

(5) Malik GM, Mubarik M, and Hussain T. Ramadan Fasting - Effects on Health and Disease. The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 44(5): 332-334, 1996.

(6) El Ati J, Beji C, Danguir J. Increased fat oxidation during Ramadan fasting in healthy women: an adaptive mechanism for body-weight maintenance. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62: 302-307, 1995.

(7) Nomani, MZA. Diet and changes in blood cholesterol and uric acid levels during Ramadan fasting. The Proceedings of the First International Congress on Health and Ramadan, Casablanca, Morocco, January 19-24, 1994, pp174-185.

(8) Nomani MZA, Baloch SK, Siddiqui IP. Change in serum cholesterol levels and dietary vegetable-fat at restricted energy intake condition during Ramadan fasting. The International Journal of Science and Technology, 4:30-36, 1992.

(9) Sweileh N, Schnitzler A, Hunter GR, Davis B. Body composition and energy metabolism in resting and exercising muslims during Ramadan fast. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 32(2): 156-163, 1992.

(10) Malhotra A, Scott PH, Scott J, Gee H, Wharton BA. Metabolic changes in Asian Muslim pregnant mothers observing Ramadan fast in Britain. British Journal of Nutrition. 61:663-672, 1989.

(11) Afifi ZEM. Daily practices, study of performance and health during the fast. The Journal of the Royal Society of Health, 117(4): 231; 1997.

(12) Farren C, Naidoo J. Smoking cessation programmes targeted at black and minority ethnic communities. The British Journal of Cancer, 74(Suppl. XXIX):S78-S80, 1996.

(13) Daradkeh TK. Parasuicide during Ramadan in Jordon. Acta Psychiatr Scan., 3:253-254, 1992.

(14) Gurr MI, Borlak N, Ganatra S. Dietary fat and plasma lipids. Nutrition Research Reviews. 2:63-86, 1989.

(15) Kritchevsky D. Dietary fibre and lipid metabolism. The International Journal of Obesity, 11(Suppl.)(1): 33-43, 1989.

(16) Nomani MZA, Albrink MJ, Davis GK, Lai HL, Watne AL. Changes in serum cholesterol with the variable digestibility of fiber diets at low energy intake. The Nutrition Reports International, 20:363-368, 1979.

(17) Hallak MH, Nomani MZA. Body-weight loss and changes in blood lipid levels in normal men on hypocaloric diets during Ramadan fasting. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1988; 48:1197-1210, 1988.

(18) US Department of Agriculture and US Department of Health and Human Services. Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 4th edition. Home and Garden Bulletin No. 232. Washington, D.C. U.S., Govt. Printing Office, 1995.

(19) Fedail SS, Murphy D, Salih SY, Bolton CH, Harvey RF. Changes in certain blood constituents during Ramadan. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 36:350-353, 1982 

(20) Shoukry MI. Effect of fasting in Ramadan on plasma lipo proteins and apoproteins. The Saudi Medical Journal, 6:561-5, 1986.

 (21) El-Arnoaty YM, Johnson WA. Nutritional and biochemical changes during Ramadan fasting. FASEB Journal, 1991; 5:(6)A1665 (Abstr.).

(22) Nomani MZA, Sypolt BL, Meegada PV, Brooks JL, Seime RJ, Vanin RR. Body mass index with reference to the least blood LDL-cholesterol level. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56:770, 1992. (Abstr.)

 (23) Maislos M, Khamaysi N, Assali A, Abou-Rabiah Y, Zvili I, Shany S. Marked increase in plasma high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol after prolonged fasting during Ramadan. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57:640-642, 1993.

(24) Nomani MZA, Hussain SS, Lim JK, Albrink MJ, Gunnels CK, Davis GK. Fecal bulk, energy intake, and serum cholesterol: regression response of serum cholesterol to apparent digestibility of dry matter and suboptimal energy intake in rats on fiber diet. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 34: 2074-87, 1981.

 (25) Forbes BA, Nomani MZA, Mossahebi P, Salaita CG, Brooks JA, Loath MJ, Harvey JI. Coconut oil as a dietary supplement for weight gain without increasing blood cholesterol levels. The FASEB Journal, 11(3):A379, 1997.

 (26) Murray MJ, Murray AB, Murray NJ, Murray MB. Serum cholesterol, triglycerides and heart disease of nomadic and sedentary tribesman consuming isoenergetic diets of high and low fat content. The British Journal of Nutrition, 39:159-63, 1978.

 (27) Grundy, SM. Composition of monounsaturated fatty acids and carbohydrate for lowering plasma cholesterol. New England Journal of Medicine, 314:745-748, 1986.

 (28) Gumaa KA., Mustafa KY, Mahmoud NA, Gader AM. The effect of fasting in Ramadan. 1. Serum uric acid and lipid concentration. The British Journal of Nutrition, 40:573-80, 1978.

 (29) Nomani, MZA, Hallak MH, Siddiqui IP. Effect of Ramadan fasting on plasma uric acid and body weight in healthy men. The Journal of American Dietetic Association. 90:1435-1436, 1990.

 (30) Al-Hader AFA, Abu-Farsakh NA, Khatib SY, and Hasan ZA. The effect of Ramadan fasting on certain biochemical parameters in normal subjects and in type II diabetic patients. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 14(2): 139-141, 1994.

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