Quran | Sunnah | Multimedia | LiveTV | icTV | icRadio | icTunes | iViews | icMarriage | icBazar | Membership | Donate |
April 20, 2014 | Jumada Al-Thani 19, 1435
Search Articles
Advanced Search
CATEGORIES
Social
Political
Economic
Religious
Education
Family
Youth
Interfaith
Travel
Publish Date
Month:

Year:

 

 

 


IslamiCity > Articles > Objectives of Sharia
 Welcome to Articles Center

Pages : 1 | 2 | 3

2


 

Islamic Shariah is Allah's guidance to humanity. It distinguishes itself and its value system from other systems by a set of unique characteristics.

Objectives of Sharia
10/5/2012 - Religious - Article Ref: OI1210-5286
Number of comments:
By: Wael Hamza
OnIslam* -

What Is Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)?

Linguistically, fiqh is an Arabic word that means understanding; deep understanding. The word faqih means a person of knowledge and understanding.

In the Qur'an

In the Qur'an, the word fiqh is used to signify deep understanding of matters especially those matters which are related to religion. It is mostly used to mean the understanding of the words of someone else and, for religious matters, the words of Allah and His messenger. The Prophet said,

"Whomever Allah wants good for, He will grant him fiqh (deep understanding) of the religion." (Bukhari and others)

Terminology of scholars

For fiqh, there is again a difference in terminology, similar to that mentioned about the Shari`ah. The early scholars of Islam would use fiqh to mean the knowledge and the understanding of the guidance, the rulings, and the way of life Allah prescribed for us. In other words, fiqh is our understanding and knowledge of Allah's Shari`ah. Imam Abu Hanifa, for example, had a book about `Aqidah (belief) and called it "Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar," (The Great Fiqh) .The scholars who came later confined the usage of the word fiqh to the knowledge and understanding of the guidance, the rulings and the way of life regarding the actions only, excluding the areas of belief and moral character. This terminology is represented by the famous definition that fiqh is "the knowledge of the Shari`ah rulings which are related to actions from its detailed sources." (Mohamed Abu Zahrah, Usul Al-Fiqh)

Whoever makes ijtihad and arrived at a wrong ruling will be rewarded.

To explain those definitions further, the Shari`ah is Allah's guidance in His Book (the Qur'an) and the tradition of His Messenger (the Sunnah), wahile fiqh is our knowledge of these rulings after exerting all effort to extract them. Scholars arrive at those rulings of fiqh through a process called ijtihad, a scientific process to reach the Shari`ah rulings from its sources. It literally means exerting all possible effort. Scholars may make mistakes, and for that they are rewarded for their effort and are excused only if they exert all possible effort. When scholars arrive at the right ruling, their reward is doubled. The Messenger said, "Whoever makes ijtihad and arrived at a wrong ruling will be rewarded. Whoever makes ijtihad and arrived at the correct ruling will be rewarded twice." (Bukhari and others)

Fiqh: An honorable piece of knowledge

Fiqh is a very honorable piece of knowledge. It is the knowledge and the understanding of Shari`ah, the guidance sent by Allah to mankind. This knowledge is essential for our success in this life and the hereafter. Those who develop this knowledge are as honorable as the knowledge itself, and we are indebted to them for making the effort to learn and teach Allah's guidance to His creation. It is a serious job and one of the most rewarding. Ibn Al-Qayyim describes the people of fiqh in an honorable, yet frightening, way. He described them to be, "the signatories on behalf of the Lord of the worlds." (Ibn Al-Qayyem, A'lam Al-Mowaq'in )

Hadn't it been for the multiple reward Allah gives for those who take on this responsibility and the excuse - and the reward - they get if they make a mistake, no one would dare to shoulder such a responsibility or play such a role. Ibn Al-Qayyim talked about the scholars of fiqh in the introduction of his book mentioned above by saying, "... and if signing on behalf of kings is something that cannot be undermined and is a very honorable role, how about signing on behalf of the Lord of the heavens and the earth?" He continued to say, "The one who assumes such a position should prepare for it, and should know the value of the responsibility he shoulders; he should declare the truth for Allah will guide him and support him... and he should know that he will be held accountable before Allah ."

Pages : 1 | 2 | 3

2


The opinions expressed herein, through this article or comments, contain positions and viewpoints that are not necessarily those of IslamiCity. These are offered as a means for IslamiCity to stimulate dialogue and discussion in our continuing mission of being an educational organization.

The IslamiCity site may occasionally contain copyrighted material the use of which may not always have been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. IslamiCity is making such material available in its effort to advance understanding of humanitarian, education, democracy, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, and such (and all) material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use any copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Print this article
Email to a friend
Post comments
RSS Feed
ITunes Podcast

 

 


Serviced 1,209,471,094 Requests Since January 2001
About Us | Contact Us | Site Map | Advertise | Recognitions | Privacy Policy  
Quran Search

Copyright 1995-2014, IslamiCity. All Rights Reserved.

Clicky