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October 20, 2014 | Dhul-Hijjah 26, 1435
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IslamiCity > Articles > The Prophet of Mercy
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About Muhammad - Head of the state as well as the Church, he was Caesar and Pope in one; but, he was pope without the pope`s claims, and Caesar without the legions of Caesar - Reverend R Bosworth Smith
Audio The Prophet of Mercy

The Prophet of Mercy
1/30/2013 - Religious - Article Ref: IC0305-1974
Number of comments: 91
By: Dr. Muhammad Hamidullah
IslamiCity* -

During the annual pilgrimage of Hajj, Muslims from all over the world gather in the plaza before Makkaha's Sacred Mosque.

He then asked them in a voice full of compassion and tenderness:

'0 people of Quraysh! What do you think I will do with you?'

One of them, Suhayl ibn Amr, who had fought against the Prophet, replied on behalf of the Makkans:

'We think (you will treat us) well, noble brother, son of a noble brother.'

A radiant smile flashed across the face of the beloved Prophet of God and, in a spirit of magnanimity and tolerance, he said:

"I shall speak to you as Yusuf [Joseph] spoke unto his brothers: 'There is no reproach against you today; God will forgive. He is the most Merciful and the most Compassionate.' " (Quran,12:92)

And he added:

'No more responsibility burdens you today.
'Idhhabuu... wa antum at
-tulaqaa - Go,
for you are free.'

Instantaneously Makkah was transformed, and overnight practically the entire population was won over to Islam. Nothing else could have won them over so profoundly and sincerely. They were not the inhabitants of a defeated and occupied country, but equals with the victors in rights as well as obligations. When a Messenger of God is the liberator of a town, nothing less exalted could be expected.

Without leaving a single companion of his to garrison the city, the Prophet soon returned to Madinah, leaving Makkah to be governed by a Makkan just converted. He never had to regret this later. This is how human hearts are won. In the entire episode, thirteen lives were lost.

'I am the Prophet of Battle; I am the Prophet of Mercy,' he is reported to have said. But it was destined for Muhammad to demonstrate that even in battle, he was the "Prophet of Mercy".


The above account has been partly compiled from the book, Battlefields of the Prophet, by the renowned scholar Muhammad Hamidullah. This book lists the number of people killed in battle on both sides in all the engagements led by the Prophet. This number is given as less than 500 (see box). It is clear neither revenge nor hatred, greed nor domination was ever the driving passion in the wars that the noble Prophet engaged or were forced into. His purpose was primarily to win over people to the truth. He did not see his enemies as irredeemable infidels, but as potential forces for the good, for their own selves and for others. And he gave them the opportunity and the space to transform themselves.


Casualties in the main military expeditions led by the Prophet

Engagement

Opposing
force

Opposition
killed

Muslim
force

Muslims
killed

Badr

950

70

313

14

Uhud

3,000

22

700

70

Khandaq

12,000

8

3,000

6

Khaibar

20,000

93

1,500

15

Mu'ta

100,000

 

3,000

13

Hunain

 

70

12,000

70

Taif

 

 

12,000

12

 

Casualties in Twentieth Century Conflicts

 'I have lived throughout most of the twentieth century without, I must add, suffering personal hardship. I remember it only as the most terrible century in western history.'

 -Isaiah Berlin

 

War and Conflicts of the twentieth century

Military & Civilian deaths

Belgian repression in the Congo Free State 1886-1908

6,500,000

First World War 1914-1918

8,500,000

Russian Civit War 19f 7-1922

2,825,000

Stalin's regime 1924-53

20,000,000

Italian campaign in Abyssinia 1935-1936

160,000

Second World War 1939-1945

71,000,000

Post-War Expulsion of Germans from East Europe 1945-47

2,384,000

Chinese Civil War 1945-1949

3,000,000

Mao Zedong's regime 1949-1975

40,000,000

Korean War 1950-1953

1,200,000

Tito's Regime 1944-80

250,000

French repression in Algeria 1954-1962

1,000,000

Vietnam War 1965-1973

1,033,000

Cambodia, Khmer Rouge 1975-1978

1,500,000

Soviet Union war against Afghanistan 1979-1989

2,000,000

Iran-Iraq War 1980-88

1,000,000

Gulf War 1990-1991

150,000

Bosnia 1992-1995

280,000

Sources: Britannica & other Internet resources including http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstatx.htm

 

This article is courtesy of The Muslim Council of Britain's publication "The Quest for Sanity"

Click here to buy "The Quest for Sanity"

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