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October 23, 2014 | Dhul-Hijjah 29, 1435
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IslamiCity > Education > Islam & Science > Wonder of Creation

COMENNTARY

COMMENTARY ON THE VERSES OF THE QUR'AN RELATING TO THE CREATION


Creation of the Universe

Expansion of the Universe

The Sun and the Moon

Orbits

Creation of the Universe in Video

 

Creation of the Universe

The Qur'an informs us concerning the existence of an initial gaseous mass (dukhan), as well as descriptions of the elements which, although at first were fused together (ratq), they subsequently became separated (fatq). These ideas are expressed in chapters Fussilat and al-Anbiyaa:

"God then rose turning towards the heaven which it was smoke ..." (Al-Qur'an, 41:11)

"Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), then We split them apart?" (Al-Qur'an 21:30)

According to modern science, the separation process resulted in the formation of multiple worlds, a concept which appears dozens of times in the Qur'an. For example, look at the first chapter of the Qur'an, al-Faatihah: ( "Praise be to God, the Lord of the Worlds." Al-Qur'an, 1:1).

These Qur'anic references are all in perfect agreement with modern ideas on the existence of primary nebula (galactic dust), followed by the separation of the elements which resulted in the formation of galaxies and then stars from which the planets were born.

Expansion of the Universe

Chapter ath-Thariyaat of the Qur'an alludes to one of the most imposing discoverises of modern science, the Expansion of the Universe.

"The heaven, We have built it with power, Verily We are expanding it." (Al-Qur'an, 51:47)

The expansion of the Universe was first suggested by the general theory of relativity and is supported by the calculations of astrophysics. The regular movement of the galactic light towards the red section of the spectrum is explained by the distancing of one galaxy from another. Thus, the size of the universe appears to be progressively increasing.

The Sun and the Moon

Whereas the Bible talks of the sun and the moon as two lights differing only in size, the Qur'an distinguishes between them by the use of different terms: light (noor) for the moon, and lamp (siraaj) for the sun.

"Did you see how Allah created seven heavens, one above the other, and made in them the moon a light and the sun a lamp?" (Al-Qur'an, 78:12-13)

The moon is an inert body which reflects light, whereas the sun is a celestial body in a state of permanent combustion producing both light and heat.

Orbits

Today, the laws governing the celestial systems are well known. Galaxies are balanced by the position of stars and planets in well-defined orbits, as well the interplay of gravitational forces produced by their masses and the speed of their movements. But is this not what the Qur'an describes in terms which have only become comprehensible in modern times. In chapter al-Anbiyaa we find:

"(God is) the one Who created the night, the day, the sun and the moon. Each one is travelling in an orbit with its own motion." (Al-Qur'an, 21:33)

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