The ninth day of
Dhul-Hijjah (the 12th and final month of the Islamic calendar) is the day of 'Arafah.
It is the day when pilgrims stand on the plain of 'Arafah to pray. On this day,
Muslims all over the world who do not witness the annual hajj should spend the
day in fasting, in preparation for the three days festivity following 'Eid
ul-Adha (the celebration marking the end of the hajj commemorating the Prophet
Ibrahim's willingness of sacrifice).
Abu Hafsah, may Allah
be pleased with him, reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said:
on the day of 'Arafah absolves the sins for two years: the previous year and the
coming year, and fasting on 'ashura, (the tenth day of Muharram) atones for the
sins of previous years." [Reported by all except al-Bukhari and Tirmidh]
In another saying the
Prophet's wife Hafsah, may Allah be pleased with her, said:
things the Messenger of Allah never neglected: Observing fast on the day of 'ashura,
'Arafat, three days every month, and offering fajr sunnah prayers early in the
These statements are
proof that fasting on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, the day before 'Eid ul-Adha was
a lifelong practice of the Prophet, peace be upon him, as his wife reported.
There are some reports
that fasting is prohibited on the day of 'Arafah. However, it must be understood
that this refers to a person performing the hajj. If a person is on the hajj,
there is no fast for him or her on the day of 'Arafah. That is undoubtedly a
blessing for him because of the hardships of the pilgrimage. In a saying
reported by Umm al-Fadl, may Allah be pleased with her, she said:
companions doubted whether the Prophet was fasting on 'Arafah or not. She
decided to prove to them that he was not, so she said, 'I sent to him milk,
which he drank while he was delivering the khutbah (sermon) on 'Arafah.' "
[Recorded by al-Bukhari]
pilgrims from fasting on these days is a great mercy for them, for fasting will
exert undue hardship on the person performing the hajj, while they are primarily
concerned with their pilgrimage. Above all, the pilgrim would not be fasting
anyway because he is travelling.
Tajuddin B. Shu'aib
is an Islamic author and speaker and writes about Islamic theology.